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[:RU]Soreq stalactite cave (Absalom). Israel.[:]

[:RU]Avshalom Stalactite Cave is considered the largest and most beautiful caves in Israel. Reserve «stalactite cave» dedicated to the memory Avshalom Shoham. It is famous for the unique density concentration of stalactites and stalagmites.

The cave is located on the western slopes of the Judean Hills, south of the brook Sorek (hence the second name of the cave — «Soreq Cave»), in the western part of the mountain Jaala, 3 km east of the town of Beit Shemesh, and 28 km south-west of Jerusalem. It was accidentally discovered in 1968 in the mountains of Judah during blasting in the nearby quarry. First, the discovery was kept secret for fear of a large influx of curious, that could damage the cave. Easy trail was built and done lighting. For the general public discovered the cave in 1977, and she immediately gained extraordinary popularity. Area stalactite cave about 5 sq. M. m (82 m in length and 60 m in width). The height of the cave — 15 m. You can get acquainted with a surprisingly diverse and bizarre world of stalactites and stalagmites, some of which are more than 300 thousand. Years. Stalactites hang from the ceiling of the cave, and sometimes merge with stalagmites. Some stalactites reach a height of about 4 m and a diameter of formations ranging from a few millimeters to a few meters.
The cave is maintained year-round special microclimate because of this karst processes are continuing and many stalactites and stalagmites continue to grow. Besides stalactites and stalagmites here, there are other rock formations that resemble coral, hanging fabric, netsuke, organ pipes and grapes. The cave has special lighting that emphasizes the beauty and originality of stalactites and stalagmites forming bizarre shape of the figure.

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Stalactites (Gr. Σταλακτίτης — «natёkshy drop by drop») — deposits in the karst caves in the form of structures, suspended from the ceiling (icicles, straw, comb, fringe and so on. N.).
Stalagmites (from the Greek. Σταλαγμίτης — drop) — natёchnye mineral formations (mostly lime, less gypsum, salt), growing in the form of cones and pillars from the bottom of caves and other underground caverns to meet the stalactites and often merging them to form stalagnates.
The terms «stalactite» and «stalagmite» introduced in the literature 1655 Danish naturalist Ole Worm.

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