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[:RU]The Citadel Amman, the Dead Sea Scrolls and the treasure map[:]

[:RU]What do you choose when you travel to southern countries — wander through the historic sites to broaden my horizons, or lie on the beach to sunbathe, (well, it nafig these ruins). I choose in such cases, of course, wander around the historic sites to see, to learn something new. A vegetable vacation never liked that in an attractive sunbathing? Walk then as if rosy chicken from the microwave)

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In general, the invite lovers of history to walk on the Citadel of Amman.

Amman Citadel — it is a historical monument, situated on a hill in the heart of the Jordanian capital. The citadel found Neolithic artifacts, making Amman with one of the oldest continuously inhabited settlements in the world. In addition, there remain traces of several civilizations: Roman, Byzantine and Umayyad. In these places, with the first half of XX century archeological excavations are conducted with the participation of many European scientists, but most of the citadel is still hidden under the ground and not investigated.

At the entrance to the citadel, there are three plates with the names of who wore Amman in the past and important dates in the history of the citadel.

Temple of Hercules, dating to the days of Roman stay in Amman Citadel in the second century AD. Most surviving elements of the temple are massive columns

Across the street is seen the ancient amphitheater.

The ancient cemetery, which despite its antiquity was used in the 20th century for burial.

In the distance, the Umayyad palace, in the foreground, and the pictures on the ruins of the Temple of Hercules in Roman times.

In the nearby hills settled residential areas of Amman, about the city I described in a previous post about Jordan -http: //

The biggest (once) flag infa about it, too, in a post about Amman —

Reservoir — a stone well with a diameter of 16 and a depth of 5 meters with a special ladder laid on the wall. It could hold up to a thousand cubic meters of rain water and used to water the palace.

The remains of the former bathhouse — hamam.

Well, the new and the whole construction of this historic complex — Omeyaydov palace, built during the Umayyad Caliphate. It was used as an office building or a residence of state officials. The palace was built in the Byzantine style, and even the main hall is designed as a Byzantine cross. Apparently, it was rebuilt in Byzantine buildings

It took off so that even unclear whether it is the Palace — the dome is not visible.

Inside it looks.

Archaeologists have been working here since 1920, including the Italian, British, French, Spanish and Jordanian projects, but many of the Citadel is still not excavated.

From what did the exposure found here, which is located in the archaeological museum, right there, next to the ruins. Let’s see what’s inside.

Image famous mosaic «Map of the Ancient World», which is located in Madaba, talk about it in one of the posts about Jordan.

Portraits of the current King Abdullah II and his father Hussein’s hanging in many places in Jordan, then their love and respect.

Various artifacts.

And these unique statues, they are the most ancient in the world.

Also during excavations were found various ornaments.

All sorts of jars that store supplies.

If I am not mistaken sarcophagi.

Again, the Temple of Hercules.

And this is the car of the Ottoman Empire, which stands in the courtyard of the museum in Amman, Jordan.

At the entrance to the Museum Image of the world famous treasury at Petra.

Other figures from the excavations, also among the oldest.

The exhibition shows the life of the inhabitants of these places of past centuries.

There is a computer on which you can type your name and find out how it is written in the ancient languages ​​of these places.

Vandal-proof keyboard, cool!

And then receive a certificate.

Artifacts Roman times.

This «Dead Sea Scrolls» — the name of the manuscripts found, since 1947, in the caves of Qumran, the caves of Wadi Murabba’at (south of Qumran), in Khirbet Mird (south-west of Qumran), and in a number of other caves in the Judean Desert Masada. In the period between 1947 and 1956 in eleven caves of Qumran it was discovered more than 190 biblical scrolls. These are mainly small fragments of the books of the Old Testament (all except the book of Esther and Nehemiah).

March 20, 1953 the third cave at Qumran, archaeologists discovered two copper scroll. Serve as a basis for manuscripts almost pure copper strongly oxidized, scrolls become brittle and exhibited coiled. As the text vychekanen on the inner side of the scroll, the only way to read the paper on the roll was cut transverse bands. It was made by scientists at Manchester College of Technology, and with such precision that no more than 5% of the text has been damaged.

It turned out the contents of the manuscript — it’s inventory of treasures from their place of burial. The total weight of the gold and silver in these treasures from one hundred to two hundred and forty tons, according to various estimates. If these are real treasures, we can assume that the scroll contains a list of the treasures of the Temple and elsewhere rescued the defenders of Jerusalem in the final stage of the war against the Romans. However, no treasure, scientists have not found.

Rooms dedicated to Peter, there’s little pieces, but the museum is replenished by them, here and move artifacts from the archaeological museum, which is located in the citadel.

The museum has a page on the social networks.

Photos of Bedouin in the lobby of the museum.

Members of the royal family.

This is all, thank you for reading to the end.

Liked? I need your opinion about what I do and what I write. Your comment — best estimate of my work. Let’s talk more![:]

Один комментарий

  1. Heather Williams:

    It is an excellent museum. We saw it this year. Well set out & easy to understand information. Your descriptors are very good

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