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[:RU]How is the aircraft Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ100).[:]

[:RU]Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ100) — Russian regional passenger 100-seater airplane developed by «Sukhoi Civil Aircraft» with the participation of a number of foreign companies.

The first flight of SSJ100 took place in May 2008 and is now in the production of the 100th plane. At present, the aircraft is operated by the Russian airlines — Aeroflot, Gazprom air, Yakutia, the Center-South, Red Wings, in the Mexican airline Interjet and special units of government institutions.

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1. SSJ100 — Russia’s first aircraft designed entirely based on digital technology.

In its manufacture the previously unused in the national civil aircraft technology, such as besstapelnaya assembly, automatic docking airframe, automatic riveting, and others.

2. Production of the aircraft, its final assembly, carries Komsomolsk-on-Amur (Khabarovsk Territory) branch of JSC «Sukhoi Civil Aircraft» (kanafeh) with the direct participation of other plants on the territory of Russia, where the component parts are made ​​Sukhoi Superjet 100.

3. Branch of JSC «Company» Sukhoi «» NAZ them. VP Chkalov «Novosibirsk produces parts and aggregate assembly of the fuselage and tail sections.

4. Assembling the car frame.

5. Details and transmit section in Komsomolsk-on-Amur branch of JSC «Sukhoi Civil Aircraft», where final assembly of the aircraft.

6. The assembly shop of the fuselage (CSF). It produces ready-docking bays stand on automatic docking and installation of fasteners for joints compartments.

7. The assembly shop of the fuselage consists of four production sites.

8. The docking bays.

9. During the production SSJ100 aircraft used more than 600 thousand rivets, nuts, bolts, pins and other small parts.

10. This sets the frame floor assembly of passenger service doors and tailgate.

11. At this stage glass set passenger compartment and the antenna of the fuselage.

12. The layers of insulation are installing the passenger compartment.

13. All works have a minimum of a three-level monitoring and verification.

14. After the assembly shop of the aircraft fuselage is moved to the final assembly plant (DSP).

Here are 7 industrial sites. To date, the production capacity of the plant can produce up to 50 cars a year.

15. This workshop set tail plane, the wings are joined to the fuselage, landing gear assembly is carried out, the engines are installed, check the efficiency of the aircraft and numerous other operations.

16. Mechanization of the wing, rudders and height, and other parts are made ​​of composite materials. Aluminum fuselage coated yellow-green primer and items made ​​of composite materials of white color.


17. As part of the project was carried out a comprehensive program of technical re-equipment plant in Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Novosibirsk.


18. The average age of employees is 35 years.


19. TsOSe checks the functioning of the chassis, to the preparation of the aircraft under the current setting.


20. The final section of the seventh production. Here perform final assembly of the interior of baggage and cargo compartment, interior cockpit, general technical examination is carried out sun and are ready to transfer to the flight test station.

21. Testing systems energized.

22. The aircraft is transferred to the technical flight tests. Usually, each new flight program consists of eight aircraft flight, during which there is air in the test systems.

23. From the Komsomolsk SSJ100 depart in Ulyanovsk installation of interior and paint in the colors of airline customer, and then in Zhukovsky Center delivery.

24. The aircraft maintenance base and flight-testing facility (LIC) «Sukhoi Civil Aircraft» (SCAC).


Hangar 25. SCAC Zhukovsky accommodates both 8 aircraft.


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29. Sukhoi Superjet 100 powered by two turbofan engines produce SaM146 PowerJet, a joint venture of Snecma and NPO «Saturn». SaM146 has been specifically designed for the type of aircraft Sukhoi Superjet 100.

Class thrust SaM146-1S17 (version Basic) amounts to 17,300 pounds, SaM146-1S18 (version Long Range) — 17,800 pounds.

30. Particular attention is paid to the maintainability of the engine, for example, the possibility of replacing the blades without removing the engine from the wing. 31. Despite the fact that the aircraft is considered to be a short-haul, extended-range version of the Long Range (SSJ100 LR) can be flown by a distance of over 4000 km. 32 . The maximum cruising speed of Mach 0.81 SSJ100 (860 km / h) allows it to operate at the same levels as the most spread types of short-haul aircraft: Boeing 737 and Airbus 320, thereby optimizing fuel not only costs, but also the time required for the flight. 33. The training of flight and technical staff of the SSJ100 customers engaged in the company SuperJet International (SJI). It was created two centers of study: Zhukovsky (Moscow region, Russia) and Venice (Italy). Aviation Training Centers Staff provide a full cycle of training pilots and technical staff customer aircraft SSJ100. They are equipped with the most modern means of training and exercise equipment.





Today, the company has successfully produced SJI nearly 500 pilots, 200 flight attendants and more than 1,700 service technicians.


34. cockpit. Avionics and made ​​the French company Thales, which also makes it for Airbus.

35. Applying the concept of Human Centered Design possible to optimize the placement of controls and instruments, so that you can complete the project by a single pilot even in the event of an extraordinary situation.

36. All labels entirely English-speaking.


37. The Office carried out a side handle, the speaker of the helmsman refused at an early stage of design as outdated technology and unpromising. As a result, SSJ100 is the first Russian civilian aircraft with the serial «saydstika.»


38. Maximum passenger aircraft — 103 seats.


39. The height of the cabin in the passage of 2.12 m, which allows passengers to remain high in the cabin in full view.

40. The arrangement of passenger seats «3 + 2». On board the Superjet is no place «B»

A familiar name places for flight attendants working on the aircraft of type A320 and B737, where the configuration of the passenger cabin was an ABC + DEF, were: A — a place near the window, in — place in the middle, C — the place aisle. Thus, it was decided that the place B should be deleted, leaving the familiar name and location: A — a place near the window, C — a place near the canal and on the other hand, all without changes — DEF.

41. Increased living space for each passenger: large seat pitch in the basic configuration of the aircraft SSJ100 (81,28 cm) allows even tall passengers to feel comfortable in the chair.


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43. «Past and Present». SSJ100 Against the legendary TU-144

44. Today, the route network Sukhoi Superjet 100 is more than 130 cities around the world. Sukhoi Superjet 100 has confirmed its successful operation in a wide range of climatic conditions — at temperatures from -54 ° C to + 45 ° C: in the central and southern part of Russia, in the Far North, in Indonesia, Laos and Mexico.

45. In May of this year, total operating hours of commercial flying Sukhoi Superjet 100 aircraft in the airlines has made ​​more than 100 thousand since the beginning of operation in April 2011.

46. ​​It is expected that in the near future will be obtained Supplement to Type Certificate, extending the operating conditions SSJ100 to +50 degrees. All tests have been conducted, and now there is a period of registration of securities. In addition, to meet the needs of potential customers the company plans to expand the terms of height airbases — 3300 meters above sea level.


47. There will be some changes in the design of the airframe. For example, SSJ100 receive new wingtips (wingtips), designed so as to optimize the characteristics of the aircraft and to reduce fuel consumption in general from 3% to 4%.


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