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[:RU]The capital of the African slave trade[:]

[:RU]Paradise Zanzibar was not always the case.
For the vast number of people, he was the epitome of the quintessential hell and horror stretch of time.
Even 100 years ago, Zanzibar was one of the largest centers of the slave trade. Moreover, the slave trade, in fact, has spread from here. This happened immediately after the discovery of the island by the expedition of Vasco da Gama. It did not take much time, how many pirates of the southern seas began to bring their stolen wealth here and thousands trapped in boarding battles of people of different races and nationalities. It took a little more time, and the delivery of slaves in Zanzibar began to flow. The prisoners from the naval battles was not enough, so the markets have become slaves to fill the blacks trapped in parts of central Africa, or simply given back their elders …
So Zanzibar became the capital of the slave trade in Africa …

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2. For a small island in the Indian Ocean has become almost the stock capital of the world beginning of the XIX century, because there is simply gigantic handling workforce. It is known that every year here was sold from 10 to 30 thousand slaves, most of whom were African-American residents of Malawi and Congo. It is known that only the period from 1830 to 1873 years on the island of Zanzibar has sold 600 thousand. Slaves! Just a wild figure for the time.
As a result, when Arabs Zanzibar became the largest shopping center. The main income comes from the sale of ivory and black slaves. The islands gained such influence that even the Sultan of Oman moved his residence from the Persian Gulf to Zanzibar.
In fact, Stone Town, the former capital of the island, there by the slave market and serve them.
The main market is still there, though now as historic Object
The slave trade in Africa / The slave trade in Africa

3. It even survived several cellars where the slaves were kept destined for sale.
These cellars are very clearly demonstrate the whole plate of what was happening at that moment and subsequently with these people.
At the entrance to the basement, you’ll see some of these inscriptions: «Protect head. » And several times about this guide will warn you when this check that you really did not hit your head.
It is not without reason. The vaults are not just low … They are suitable except for low Asians …
The slave trade in Africa / The slave trade in Africa

4. Slaves in these cellars can contain from a few days to several months, depending on how it «lucky» to be sold quickly.
Conditions are not just horrible. They are horrific. In a small room with a ceiling height slightly less than the growth of adult contain up to 70 people. Moreover, they could not stand here. Of all the meters and seventy centimeters tall, half held a stone pedestal on which it was necessary to be all.
The passage with the height from the floor was, in fact, a toilet. But what is the way to clean it ………
See, three niche windows? So it’s not just a window, but … the water receivers who came here during the high tide of the Indian Ocean. She’s leaving, and everything washed away the excrement left by prisoners of the night.
And they themselves are slaves all afternoon and part of the night had to sit in order not to drown. Lie was possible only after the tide …
The slave trade in Africa / The slave trade in Africa

5. The British often boast that they were the first to the war on traffickers, forgetting that they are the first and started this shameful business. Back in 1562 their compatriot John Hawkins brought the first batch of slaves from Africa. In 1663, it was created «The Royal African Company» to supply the slaves of numerous British colony, and in Liverpool, London, Bristol, opened the exchange trade in slaves. A need to connect the French, the Portuguese, the Spaniards. Only a tiny part of the slaves sold by pirates and exciting. The bulk of the live goods mined by European colonizers, or in their application. For example, the largest Portuguese slaver was governor, who made ​​himself on this matter considerable fortune. Europeans do themselves aggressors human flesh from some warlike tribes of Africa. Those, in turn, attacked the peaceful village, capturing the inhabitants like cattle, or tricking them into banal sleeves white colonial outposts. Well, in the end, many of them found themselves in the basements of Zanzibar.
It must be said that in such a strong spread of slavery not only guilty of Europeans and Arabs, and Africans themselves. At that time, were frequent cases when a profit-hungry village elders simply sent their own citizens into slavery. Due to the extremely low level of education, it was just to do, because people implicitly carried out all that they said the elders. It is said to go out to the people they were. And what came to realize only when they have the legs snaps the shackles …
The slave trade in Africa / The slave trade in Africa

6. Here is the slave basement windows outside …. Can you imagine how little of the sun fell into the dungeons.
The slave trade in Africa / The slave trade in Africa

7. In 1873 the slave trade was banned, and a year later on the area of ​​the former largest slave market began construction of the Anglican Cathedral. He stands there now, and at its foot you can see a monument in memory of all the unfortunate victims of slavery. The square stone pit in full growth are four figures chained slaves. Their hands are lowered under the weight of the shackles, but the head raised up, and his eyes look with hope to the mankind …
The slave trade in Africa / The slave trade in Africa

8. Can you imagine that sense and feel these people with a metal hoop around his neck, wrists, or ankles?
The slave trade in Africa / The slave trade in Africa

9. But … it is not necessary to think that the prohibition of the slave trade in 1873, she immediately disappeared from the island.
Illegally people traded up until 1911, and in some parts of the island there was a huge hidden «storage» slaves.
They were in the natural coral caves, who knew about the limited number of people.
Here the slaves kept for sale, and for the daily work on the clove plantations, which in those years was covered almost the entire island, providing the spice of the world.
The slave trade in Africa / The slave trade in Africa

10. But what are the areas of these caves !!!!
They are just huge.
Imagine how many people could fit here.
The slave trade in Africa / The slave trade in Africa

11. And this is how looks the entrance to one of these slave caves. Of course, the government could not find a cave, for all his desire ..
The slave trade in Africa / The slave trade in Africa

By the way, the slave trade was stopped not because the Europeans leaped sense of humanity and conscience spoke. They simply calculated that the use of slave labor is not only unprofitable, but also largely unprofitable, if we take into account all the costs of its organization.

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