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[:RU]Valley of the 72 waterfalls.[:]

[:RU]To the south of the Swiss capital  of Bern, about an hour away by train, is a vast mountainous area, or rather, a mountainous country, called the Bernese Oberland (Berner Oberland). The gateway to this beautiful country is a resort town of Interlaken (567 m. Above sea level) — a town located between two scenic lakes — Thun and Brienz and at the foot of the Alpine peaks Oberland. In 10 to 12 kilometers from the mouth of the valley is Interlaken Lauterbrunnen (Lauterbrunnen), — the pearl of the Oberland.

According to many experienced travelers, there is on the planet mountain valley, more beautiful than the Lauterbrunnen. Let us, and we look at it more …

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Lauterbrunnen is characteristic of glacial valleys U-shaped and is surrounded by steep cliffs up to 1000 meters: it is the deepest valley in the world. Climbing up into the mountains, it gradually leads to the magnificence of the Oberland alpine peaks, among which the leading role falls to the impressive «Alpine Trio» — the Jungfrau, Eiger and Mönch. Their height above sea level, respectively, 4158, 3970 and 4107 meters above sea level. Mount Jungfrau, adjacent to her territory Aletsch Glacier and Mt. Bietschhorn in 2001 became the first in the Alps natural site included a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


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Lauterbrunnen valley extends in length about eight kilometers and a width of not more than one thousand meters. In the valley of 72 waterfalls, many of which are cast from the highest steeper. The most famous of them —  Staubbach  (Staubbach), buyout is located about one kilometer from the village of Lauterbrunnen and  Trummelbach  (Trümmelbach) three kilometers from it though. Staubbach — a stream of water, flying from a height of 300 meters! The height of this is so great that the water mass waterfall reaches the ground in a form similar to the spray — in a state intermediate between water and dust cloud. Trummelbach — spiral waterfall descending into the valley several Cascade inside the mountain. Waterfall, «serving» runoff from glaciers vast territory «Alpine Trio» strikes extraordinary power that is hard to imagine until you see with your own eyes: 20 000 liters of water per second!


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In the valley there are several small villages-resorts —  Wengen  (Wengen),  Murren  (Mürren), Lauterbrunnen  (Lauterbrunnen, a village of the same name to the valley),  Izenflu  (Isenfluh), Gimmelvald  (Gimmelwald) and  Shtehelberg  (Stechelberg).  In the village of Lauterbrunnen ( 796 meters above sea level) is the station SBB (Swiss Federal Railways), which links it to Interlaken, and through him — with Bern and other cities  of Switzerland. With the same station for trains above the mountains — to Wengen, and then to the highest mountain railway station in Europe — almost to the summit of the Jungfrau (to be exact — to 704 meters below it.)

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Railroad «Yungfrauban» (Jungfraubahn), built in 1896 — 1912, — one of the attractions of the valley. A significant part of it is in a tunnel carved into the body of the mountain, and the final  station «Top of Europe»  is located at an altitude of 3454 meters above sea level in the mountain saddle  Jungfraujoch; hence the high-speed elevator leads to the high altitude research station «Sphinx», which is an observation deck. From the observation deck offers spectacular, breathtaking views of the glaciers and mountain peaks; in good weather here can be seen in the Black Forest  of Germany  and the Vosges in France! The only «drawback» of the route to the Jungfraujoch — very high fare — almost 180 Swiss francs per round trip (from the station «Lauterbrunnen»).

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Two valleys — Grindelwald and Lauterbrunnen — divided Kleine Scheidegg mountain pass (2061 m.), On which the hotel and railway junction from which two branches are coming down (one — in Grindelwald, the other — to the station «Laterbrunnen»), and another branch (of which we have already mentioned above) — Yungfrauban, diving into a long tunnel, rises to the Jungfraujoch.

Grindelwald   allowed movement of road transport and tourists more than in Wengen or Mürren — but it is, however, only applies to the village itself. Outside you will find a fairly extensive network of cable cars and many alpine hiking trails indescribable beauty.

In winter Grindelwald — ski resort with the primary and secondary levels of training. In the summer for tourists with average preparation can be recommended, such as hiking trails to the lake Bahalpzee and the top of the Faulhorn (2681 m.) — At this point can be seen exceptional beauty of sunrises and sunsets, perhaps the most colorful and spectacular in the whole of  Switzerland. Those who are not accustomed to high physical loads, you can offer a trip to Pfingshtegg (1391 m.) On the cable car.


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The resort Lauterbrunnen Valley can be reached by rail from Bern, Geneva or Zurich. At any railway route, you must first get to Interlaken, where there is a transplant to Lauterbrunnen, and through it — and at other resorts of the valley. Until Intrelakena there are direct trains Swiss Federal Railways (SBB) from Bern (go one hour) and Basel (two hours), and direct (during the ski season from December to March) train of Deutsche Bahn (DB), coming from  Berlin through Frankfurt, Mannheim, Karlsruhe and Basel. If you go to Geneva or Zurich, then to get to Interlaken, you have to change trains in Bern.


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