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[:RU]Branch exposure Riga Motor Museum in Bauska[:]

[:RU]During my trip, I visited Latvia three car museum, which has not yet been written, although the material is collected rather interesting. Will be corrected and today is the first post about Latvian avtomuzeyah, which I’ll talk about the branch of the Riga Motor Museum, located in the small town of Bauska, which is seventy kilometers south of Riga.

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01. Car exposition is located in two hangars, between which there is a modern building, is not devoid of style and elegance. It is evident that the new museum, the area around it is well equipped and generally a feeling that you are somewhere in Germany, but not in the former post-Soviet country. Visitors to the museum are completely absent, the museum car park is empty.

02. In addition to the automotive exhibition housed in hangars, on the second floor of the main building there is a small exhibition dedicated to the Latvian home. We go inside.

03. In the right hangar assembled a small collection of agricultural machinery, a dozen motorcycle …

04. … and the Soviet automotive technicians.

05. Opens exposure linear fire truck chassis GAZ-AA, 1936 release. GAZ-AA was produced in 1932 at the factory in Gorky (now — Nizhny Novgorod) and has been a licensed copy of the American lorry Ford AA, model 1929. Lorry with numerous modifications produced before 1950, only produced about 985,000 vehicles of this model, including modifications.

06. The exhibited car served in Riga in volunteer fire department, then in 1970 was decommissioned and transferred Club antique cars, going later in the property of the Riga Motor Museum.

07. The next exhibit is one of the most popular trucks of the Soviet Union. GAZ-51 produced nearly 30 years from 1946 to 1975. Presented is a modification of the car GAZ-51A, producing since 1955. In all there were about 3.5 million GAZ-51 including modifications. The truck was very successful and massively exported to the countries of the Eastern bloc, Asia and Africa, besides licensed copies of GAZ-51 produced in Poland under the name Lublin-51, North Korea, as Synri-58 (Sungri-58 — «Victory 58») and China (Nanjing) in some modified form as Yutszin NJ130.

08. Photo hanging on the wall behind the truck.

09. Next to the GAZ-51 exhibited a bus on its base KAvZ — 651 A, manufactured from 1949 to 1973 at various plants of the USSR. This exhibit — Sanitary-Epidemiological Laboratory AL-52 produced in Kazan.

10. During the bus are two Soviet civilized SUV with bodies from cars. In the foreground Moskvich — 410 H, created in 1957 by designers MZMA (Moscow plant of small cars) for the needs of rural residents. A total of 1957-1961 years. was produced 7580 copies of «Moskvich-410» and «Moskvich-410N.»

11. To the left of all-wheel drive Moskvich exhibited GAZ — M72 — SUV with a body «Victory» and the transmission of all-terrain vehicle GAZ-69 is serially produced Gorky Automobile Plant from 1955 to 1958. It was one of the first in the world of off-road vehicles having the comfort of a passenger car.

12. Then follows a Soviet military classics — GAZ 67B, 1951 release. The first gas 67 left the assembly line in 1943 and after modernization in 1944, after which the SUV received index «B» was produced until 1953. In all there were about 90 000 vehicles for the Red Army, some of which after the war were also used in the national economy.

13. In place of the GAZ-67 B by a new army jeep GAZ-69, which replaced its predecessor on the assembly line in 1953. The car was completed with the same engine as the famous «Victory». In 1956, production of the car was moved to Ulyanovsk, where the car was produced until 1972 under the name UAZ-69. For two decades, the production of GAZ-69 and GAZ-69A was issued more than 600 thousand cars.

14. GAZ-69 was exported to 56 countries, in addition to the 1957 assembly licensed copy of the car began in the Romanian company ARO, and in 1962 in North Korea. These machines can still be found in active use in the post-Soviet space.

15. Successor GAZ-69 needs no introduction. UAZ-469 (1985 UAZ-3151) is available since 1972, and its upgraded version is produced until now. It is noteworthy that the modified version of the car was exported to Italy.

16. The well-known representative of the Latvian automotive RAF — 2203 «Latvia» — a minivan, manufactured Riga bus factory in 1976-1997, respectively. Vans of this type are widely used as taxis, ambulances and official vehicles in the role until the mid-90s. I have even found the time they worked minibuses.

17. Latvia — the only country of the Soviet Union, the products are labeled in Latin script, whether trams and trains or buses RVR RAF.

18. Closes this part of the exhibition the first Latvian SUV and the first car produced in Latvia after independence BD 1322 «Baltic jeep.»

19. «Baltic jeep» was produced by a small party — only about 10 copies, of which up to now, only four survived. On the frame of the UAZ-469 to hang a plastic body made in Riga. As the power unit used gasoline engine from GAZ-24 or diesel Iveco.

20. At the examination of a small automobile exposition hangar is over, move on to the inspection of agricultural machinery, located across the street.

21. HTZ-7, the first Soviet compact tractors produced Kharkov Tractor Plant from 1950 to 1956.

22. Driver comfort in those days was not a priority in agricultural machinery.

23. EUREKA — stationary diesel engine with a capacity of 8 hp towed on a mobile platform. Produced by Swedish company AB Storebro in 1912. Such engines replaced steam engines and steam used in agriculture for driving fixed agricultural machinery (threshers, veyalok, mills and so. D.). Exported to the Russian Empire before the First World War.


25. German tractor «Lanz Bulldog D7506″, 1938, produced by «Heinrich Lanz AG». In the 20/30-s company produced tractors «Bulldog» flex single-cylinder two-stroke engines of the original design, which are horizontal.

26. Tractors of this series produced from 1937 to 1942, only 20,180 copies were produced. In Latvia, they were popular before the war and were also used after the war.

27. To start the tractor, first had a blowtorch to heat the cylinder head, then remove the steering wheel and install it in a special connector on the end of the crankshaft on the right side, and then rotating the steering engine plant. In the photo the steering wheel is set to to start the engine.

28. The German thresher company «Ködel & Böhm».

29. The original manufacturer’s logo.

30. Before thresher was exposed dozen Latvian scooters and mopeds, but since I do not mototekhnikoy interested, I have not photographed.

31. entourage dry interior hangar diluted historical photos of the Latvian countryside of the first half of the twentieth century. The photo locomobile with thresher.

32. 1930. Locomobiles replaced by tractors and threshers used in agriculture until 1950, when the Latvian SSR, the first Soviet self-propelled combine harvesters.

33. Fordson — a trademark of agricultural tractors manufactured by the company of Henry Ford. Just as is the case with Ford T, agriculture Ford put on a single mass, cheap model that has found success in the market and for the period 1917-1928 years was released about 900,000 tractors model F. From 1925 to 1932 tractor Ford Model F licenses collected at the factory Red Putilovets in St. Petersburg. In the USSR, they were called «Fordson Putilovets» and one of these tractors is represented in the museum.

34. The Swiss advertising and Soviet propaganda posters.

35. Moving to the second hangar, it contains the most interesting pieces of the museum exhibition.

36. The exhibition consists of European, American and Soviet cars of different classes and ages.


38. I will begin with a review of one of the oldest representatives of the collection — Ford A convertible with a body Roadster De Luxe, 1930 release. Its simple design and low cost, cars Ford A were the most widespread in Latvia in 1930. According to statistics, in 1935 in Riga was registered 164 car brands Ford, most of whom were Ford A.

39. Model A was replaced on the line preceding the Model T in 1927, and in 1929 Ford A became the most popular car in the world. During the first 16 months of sales has sold more than one million cars of this model.

40. Near exhibited Buick Special 41, 1938. Cars of this model staffed 8-cylinder engines and positioned as close to the class «luxury», while they were relatively inexpensive, which ensured their popularity including in Latvia in the late 1930s.

41. But this is much more interesting exhibit — produced in Latvia Ford Vairogs V8 «Standard» — a licensed copy of the American model of Ford V8 922A. Given the increased demand for cars in the country, in 1936 the company «Vairogs» (renamed after the war in Riga Carriage Works) was established automotive department, which in 1937 the company started assembling trucks Ford assembled from American components. In 1938 the company opened an assembly line for cars.

42. In the period from 1937 to 1940, the company «Vairogs» 300 cars are released and 100 trucks, as well as hundreds of buses and armored vehicles for the Army. From America to Riga port supplied not painted body, frame, engine and bridges, and the plant producing the final assembly, painting and hot drying cars. Also, the factory was sewing workshop, which produces interior trim. Model «Standart» was completed engine V8, 2.2 liter capacity. and 60 hp, allowing speeds up to 120 km / h.

43. In the opposite corner is exhibited interesting quartet. Consider it a closer look.

44. Adler Trumpf Junior — one of the latest models of the company Adlerwerke vorm. H. Kleyer AG, which has been producing cars since the beginning of the twentieth century to the Second World War. In the 30s, the company released a very progressive for its time, cars with a monocoque body, front-wheel drive and all-wheel independent suspension.

45. The exhibited car cabriolet has created a body studio «Karmann». Coshel off the assembly line in 1938.

46. ​​Ford Köln, was produced from 1932 to 1936 the Ford plant in Cologne. All cars produced in the Third Reich sodlasno the 1933 Act had to wear German names, so Ford Modell Y was called Ford Köln. Ford Modell Y was developed specifically for the European market under different names and manufactured in England, France, Germany, Australia, Japan, Spain and Latvia. In total there were more than 200,000 copies of this model, 150,000 of which came off the assembly line in England.

47. On the right Oldsmobile Six F28 S, 1928 issue — a typical middle-class American car late 1920s, was equipped with in-line six-cylinder engine, 55 hp and mechanical brakes on all wheels.

48. In 1930 this car to work in Latvia as a taxi. In 1977 he got into the hands of a member of the Club of antique cars and in 1980 was sold to Riga Motor Museum. Is in excellent condition and on the go.

49. This bright Fiat 503 1926 model year is the oldest car among display in the museum. This model was very popular in Latvia in 1920/1930-ies of the last century.

50. Prior to 1986, the museum’s collection the car belonged to a single owner Nicholas Stumbrisu and regularly participated in parades of old equipment under the auspices of the Club of antique cars. Car starred in Riga Film Studio production, such as «The Sting Ceplis» (1972), «The rich Mrs.» (1969), «Ambassador of the Soviet Union» (1969) and others.

51. Moving to the Soviet area.

52. These cars needs no introduction. In Latvia, they are museum specimens, and the former Soviet Union is still a part of the traffic flow.


54. Moskvich 400-420A — this is the first Soviet car that came in the free sale to the public. Produced at the plant of small cars in Moscow (PCA later — MZMA) from December 1946 to 1956. Cabriolet version was produced in parallel base model as well due to lack of sheet metal in the postwar Soviet Union.

55. The car is a replica of the German Opel Kadett K38, is made in 1936-1940 on the Opel plant in Rüsselsheim. On reparation agreements of the Soviet Union received the documentation and equipment factory Opel, based on which the design was recreated Opel Kadett K38, which has now become Muscovites 400-420. In total, the Soviet Union was released about 250 000 cars of this model in various body types.

56. We continue the review exhibited in the museum of Soviet classics.

57. GAZ M21 «Volga» — Soviet middle class car, serially produced at the Gorky Automobile Plant from 1956 to 1970. The exhibited here bought the car in 1960, Janis Krumins, the famous Latvian basketball player in 1997, his son George Kruminsh presented the car museum.

58. ZIM (GAZ — 12) — six-seater car of the middle class, designed for internal use only the range of middle managers, but in some cases also sold into private hands. Produced in the period from 1949 to 1959, during which time the conveyor descended 21,527 cars. A distinctive feature of the car was the monocoque. This design was first in the global automotive industry for machines such dimensions with three rows of seats.

59. Despite borrowing design elements from American cars, ZIM was very harmonious and beautiful machine. In my subjective opinion is one of the most beautiful cars produced in the Soviet Union.

60. The attention to detail in the external decor pleasing to the eye.

61. The emblem is also good.

62. Another representative Soviet GAZ-14 «Chaika» 1980 release. This car was produced from 1977 to 1988 and boasts a stylish design and a high level of comfort. The car was equipped with power steering, air conditioning, power windows, stereo with remote control, heat-insulating glass and air heated windows in the front doors. Some cars had on board built radiotelephone. Eight-cylinder engine with a V-shaped arrangement of cylinders has a capacity of 220 hp and accelerates the mass of 2600 kg up to speed 175 km / h. There were produced 1120 cars of this model. In 1988, under the so-called «combat privileges», the car was discontinued under the personal direction of Mikhail Gorbachev, with at the same time was destroyed, all tooling, working documentation, assembly lines and the body dies.

63. And this is perhaps the most interesting instance of exposure — pre-production version of the Soviet ZIL limousine upper class — 111G, existing in a single copy. Zil 111 was intended for senior officials of the Soviet Union and other socialist countries, was carried out in the period from 1958 to 1967, small series of 10-12 vehicles per year. Over the entire period of production were collected 112 family car ZIL-111.

Preview version ZIL 111 was released in 1958, it was the prototype of the American Packard, the design of which was taken over by the Soviet designers. As a result, the car was very similar to the GAZ-13 «Chaika», the creation of which also inspired Packard’om. Khrushchev was so unhappy with the similarity and instructed to change the design of the car. Thus were modified front and rear body panels, while in the car Zero series front panel has been copied from the car Cadillac 62 — series. The new version was given the name of ZIL 111 G.

And looked Cadillac 62 Series that inspire designers ZIL:

64. Production of new modification ZIL 111 D began in 1962, but in contrast to the pre-production machines, exhibited in this museum, the design front end slightly changed to similarities with the Cadillac was not so absolute. Looked like the production model can be seen in Riga Motor Museum. The exhibited at the Museum of the car used to belong to the Kremlin garage special purpose, then in the 80s was transferred to Riga Motor Museum ZIL car factory.

Oh and one more photo of the car, which was lapped up with the design. Even the logo on the hood pulled Cadillac, squeezed in along kadillakovskogo Emblem inscription «ZIL».

65. Another interesting specimen collection — the cult Soviet passenger car GAZ M-20 «Victory», is made in 1946 — 1958. In all there were 236 thousand cars of this brand, but exhibited in the museum car special. To celebrate the sixth anniversary of Victory in Great Patriotic War on Stalin’s orders in 1951, was released a special batch of 200 «victory» painted in black. All these cars were solemnly handed to directors’ Voyentorg «(a network of specialized shops for the military).

66. Exhibited at the Museum «Victory» is one of the party, presented by the Director «Voyentorg» Riga, which he used from 1952 to 1967. Until 1998, the car was stored in one of the private garages and at the time of its transfer to the fund of the museum was in good condition.

67. This review automotive exhibition is over.

68. Bonus car collection in the hangars stands a small exhibition on the second floor of the main building of the museum, showing the life of Latvians in the last century.

69. The installation, which includes furniture and household items in the interwar period.

70. Shed with household tools.

71. Details.



74. An interesting device — a music box, the device of the early twentieth century, like a gramophone, but instead of iron plates with slotted discs.

75. A small display with various appliances from cameras and camcorders to radios.

Nothing more remarkable on the second floor there is, as I have written above is probably a little bonus in addition to the automobile exhibition.

76. On the platform side of the hangar, I found two more potential museum specimens, which probably will soon join the museum exhibit.

77. Military truck Volvo requires a minimum of decoration.

78. This Volvo TL31 F 934 6 x 6 — road vehicle, designed for the Swedish army. Besides the army was also used in the national economy and as a base for fire engine.

79. vnturi cab Volvo.

80. Well, this armored car without plates and I know all my childhood in such climbed it BTR-152 armored personnel carrier, based at the components and assemblies truck ZIS-151.

With this I conclude my review, I fit almost all that he saw. In summary, I can say that the museum is a small, but has a number of unique vehicles that are worth seeing connoisseur of automotive history. At the same time, residents of the former Soviet Union a quarter of the museum exhibition can watch every day, going out into the street. Should I go 70 km from Riga to visit this museum, everyone decides for himself.

I should add that in Bauska except Automobile Museum is something to see — there is a medieval castle located in a very picturesque place near the river, there is a small and featureless historic center and still in Bauska cook excellent local beer. So here it is possible to spend a whole day and go back to Riga evening bus.

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