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[:RU]Trabant — the story of legend.[:]

[:RU]Trabant is one of the most famous cars in the history of the automotive industry. This is the only car in the world, became a symbol of the state and the whole epoch in the history of Germany. Images and models «trabbi» affectionately dubbed the car the Germans, now make up a substantial share of sales of souvenir shops in Berlin, Dresden and other tourist cities of eastern Germany. And on the streets of German cities still run thousands of plastic legendary small car in the different states of the battered workhorse for years to Tuned fresh and shiny varnish copies that can become an ornament to any car show. «Truby» like the East Germans, like no other car.

Today in the cozy bunker detailed history of the legend with six dozen photos copyright.

terraoko 201501096544 2 Trabant story legend.


The history of the legendary car has its origins in the postwar period. After the end of World War II German territory was divided between the powers-winners into four zones of occupation and the eastern part came under control of the Soviet military administration. Automobile factories Group Auto Union, located in Saxony, were nationalized in 1948 on the basis of 18 zapadnosaksonskih factories that produce vehicles that have been created association of manufacturers of transport Industrieverband Fahrzeugbau, abbreviated IFA.

In 1949, the former Audi factory in Zwickau, which was transformed into a national enterprise VEB Automobilwerk Zwickau, resumed production of subcompact prewar DKW F8, are produced at the same factory in the years 1939-1942. The car is now called IFA F8 and differs from DKW only in the details. The machine is based on the spindle frame, wooden frame had two-cylinder two-stroke and body, 20 hp, which allows it to reach speeds of 85 km / h. It is available in several variants of body, among which were convertible and wagon. In the 1950s, due to a shortage of steel products in the GDR, the individual parts of the body IFA F8 made of a material based on phenol-formaldehyde resin and waste cotton production — duroplastic. Production IFA F8 lasted until 1955, after which it was replaced on the conveyor new model.

01. Convertible IFA F8 at the Museum of Saxon cars in Chemnitz.

 Trabant story legend.

To replace outdated IFA F8 came new car AWZ P70, the production of which was launched at the same factory VEB Automobilwerk Zwickau, which was reflected in the title of the new subcompact (AWZ — AutomobilWerk Zwickau). Car structurally represented himself the same IFA F8, slightly modernized and dressed in a new body of duroplastic.

AWZ P70 is offered in three body styles: a two-door sedan, wagon and coupe. Last body type represented himself the luxury version of the subcompact and unlike the sedan and wagon, his body was made almost entirely by hand and had a metal casing, with the exception of the front wings and bonnet. It was a much more complicated car compared to the base sedan only minimally unified with him on the details of the body. Front Cowling coupe was redesigned, with a checkered tails radiator.

02. AWZ P70 coupé in the Dresden Transport Museum.

IMG 3798 zpsa3fc503c Trabant story legend.

Most of the AWZ P70 coupe version had two-tone coloring, athletic appearance and trim in natural leather. But the sports car’s appearance was deceptive, since the engine was installed the same as that of the basic model output of 22 hp, and because of the greater body mass dynamic qualities of the coupe was even worse. Coupes were produced from 1957 to 1959, during this period from the conveyor descended about 1,500 vehicles with this type of body.

IMG 3882 zpse61d8997 Trabant story legend.

The basis for the design AWZ P70 chassis was taken from the IFA F8, created in the late 1930s: as F8, the car was built around a spindle frame with suspension by transverse leaf springs — independent front and rear dependent and mechanical brakes. Body structure was made of wood and fastened to it body panels Duroplastic. Unlike fiberglass, parts of which at that time were able to produce only time consuming manual contact molding, stamping Duroplastic received on press equipment. Using duroplastic was caused by a persistent lack of rolled steel in the GDR (on steel imports by Western countries was embargoed, and the Soviet hire was of poor quality). Thus AWZ P70 was the second production car in the world after the Chevrolet Corvette, whose body was made of composite materials.

04. AWZ P70 station wagon in the Dresden Museum of the GDR.

 Trabant story legend.

The engine was a two-cylinder two-stroke the same from DKW F8, the design of the late 1930s. Through the use of an aluminum cylinder head and the central location of the spark plugs, its capacity was increased to 22 hp The car had front-wheel drive, three assists and was able to reach speeds of 90 km / h (coupe accelerates to 100 km / h).

05. It is noteworthy that the draft gear passed right through the radiator cooling system, which was located behind the engine. Gear selection lever carried passing through the dashboard.

 Trabant story legend.

06. In the spring of 1956 entered the market version of the P70 Kombi station wagon. Versatile feature is the roof made of artificial leather with a warming substrate, stretched over a wooden frame. Thus saving on stamping equipment. What kind of a car’s safety, which the body is composed of wood, leather and duroplastic, not out of the question. Even the floor of the car was plywood.

 Trabant story legend.

07. Nevertheless wagon was popular in the market including in western Europe, thanks to the volumetric trunk and easy access to it through a large single-wing rear door.

 Trabant story legend.

The official premiere of the new small car at the Leipzig Fair was held in October 1955, an international debut three months later at the Brussels Motor Show. The basic version of AWZ P70 with a body two-door sedan went into production in a simplified form — the side windows would not open, and the trunk had no door — access to the baggage was carried out through the hinged rear seat backrest. This caused a negative reaction from consumers, but the choice of the inhabitants of the German Democratic Republic did not have much, so buying these cars and in this form. Six months after entering the market, the car got a sliding glass door in the side, but the trunk lid appeared only in the last series at the end of the issue.

08. Basic AWZ P70 sedan in the Dresden Museum of the GDR.

 Trabant story legend.

Despite the fact that the frame-panel technology is not suitable for large-scale production, which had extensive experience in the design and manufacture of wooden bodies workers AWZ (former factory DKW) failed to provide significant amounts of issue: 4 years was assembled 36,151 vehicles, of which more than 30 000 sedans, around 4000 and 1500 combi coupe.

 Trabant story legend.

Car AWZ P70 was only an intermediary in the mass motorization eastern Germany. It have been run technology, which formed the basis of the new machine — Trabant, whose development was started in the early 1950s and ran parallel to the development of P70. As for the AWZ, then this machine could not become a mass car due to the high cost and imperfect production technology is not suitable to solve the problem of mass motorization of the population. But the experience gained in the design and manufacture of P70 became the basis for the creation of a truly mass national car — Trabant.

10. AWZ P70 sedan in the industrial museum Chemnitz. Judging by the presence of the trunk door, this car is one of the last of the series.

 Trabant story legend.

Work on the first prototype Trabant began in 1953 at the company VEB Forschungs- und Entwicklungswerk in Karl-Marx-Stadt. The engineers was to create a full-fledged car that would become really popular and accessible to every East German family. Question motorization of the population was particularly acute after anti-government protests in June 1953 that swept across the country and the exodus of East Germans to the West. The Ministry has established criteria for a new car, according to which the first mass car GDR was supposed to be a full-fledged car (no body of plywood and leather) suitable for the whole family, that is, it must have been comfortably placed 4 people. The car should not have been heavier than 600 kg, fuel consumption should not exceed 5.5 l / 100 km, and the price to be no more than 4000 brands with a circulation of at least 12 000 vehicles per year. (Price base version AWZ P70 was 9250 marks). According to the same decision of the body of the car must be Duroplastic, as-rolled sheet was under Western sanctions.

11. The first prototype vehicle mass GDR was published in 1954 and looked. By comparing this image with the previous one, you will notice a distinct resemblance to the prototype small car AWZ P70, the production of which began a year later.

 Trabant story legend.
Photo taken from here.

Since then, the industry of the GDR did not have experience in the production of cars with bodies made of composite materials, widely used in the prototype rolled steel for covering the body. In addition, the rear was very little space to position the car as a family. The prototype was transferred to the former Audi factory in Zwickau for completion and on its base year later the car AWZ P70, in the production of which was obtained rich experience in creating large-bodied vehicle Duroplastic, which formed the basis of the first model, the mass of the car Trabant P50, null series which left the assembly line November 7, 1957 and was timed to coincide with the anniversary of the October Revolution. The car was named the Trabant (Trabant in German — satellite) in honor of the first satellite launched by the Soviet Union in the same year.

12. Trabant P50 (right) in the Dresden Museum of the GDR.

 Trabant story legend.

Production capacity of the plant VEB Automobilwerk Zwickau not enough for mass production car on 1 May 1958 the plant was merged with the former factory Horch, which in 1950 produced trucks Horch H3 and IFA H3A. Truck production was moved to the factory Kraftfahrzeugwerk «Ernst Grube» Werdau and production capacity of both plants were placed under national car production, which started in July 1958. Obedinennye plants became known as VEB Sachsenring Automobilwerke Zwickau, and the Trabant was a stylized letter «S» on the hood, it has become the emblem until the end of production in 1991.

13. The logo «Sachsenring» bonnet Trabant P50.

 Trabant story legend.

Unlike its ancestor AWZ P70, based on pre-war car DKW F8, the new Trabant P50 was a car designed from scratch. It was a full-fledged car with iron structure of the body, which were hung panel Duroplastic. Two-stroke two-cylinder engine of the car as opposed to P70 was air-cooled, but structurally descended from the pre-war models DKW. Engine power was 18 hp, allows you to overclock 620-pound car to a top speed of 90 km / h. Two years later, the engine power was increased to 20 hp

14. Raised Trabant P50 in the Dresden Museum of the GDR.

 Trabant story legend.

The fuel tank in the car did not have the fuel pump located under the hood and above the engine, fuel thus enters the engine by gravity. But this design was quite a fire hazard as when refueling, and in the event of an accident. Furthermore, there was no car fuel level sensor in the tank fuel level checked by lowering the plastic sticks to the tank. If fuel ended up on the road, was a special lever, which gives access to the reserve 5 liters at the bottom of the tank, which allows to drive for about 80 km.

 Trabant story legend.

In 1959 he published a series of zero-P50 in the back of the wagon, whose serial production was launched the following year. In the same year the production palette enriched luxury version Trabant in two colors with decorative moldings on the body. If desired, can be ordered as an option sun visor. All this is offered for the extra money, but, in addition to decorative elements, luxury model did not differ from the base.

16. Luxury model Trabant P50 in the Dresden Museum of the GDR.

 Trabant story legend.

In 1962, the market there is a new model Trabant — P600. From new here was, however, only the engine, whose power was increased to 23 hp, allowing the car to reach the speed of 100 km / h. Also changed the shape of moldings in the luxury version. The rest of the differences from its predecessor in the new machine did not have any.

17. Trabant P600 in Dresden tram depot.

 Trabant story legend.

18. The only thing that looks different from the P600 P50 — a sticker with the model name on the trunk lid.

 Trabant story legend.

If we evaluate the Trabant P50 as a whole, it was a very good car in all respects, easy maintenance and reliable enough. The construction and design of the car was at the level of their Western counterparts late 1950s. The price of the car is 7650 stamps, which corresponds to ten average salaries in the GDR. In the period from 1957 to 1962 were produced 131 450 cars P50 and in the next three years, more than a hundred thousand P600 model, which by the early 1960s, no longer corresponded to the time primarily due to outdated design.

In 1963, the car factory in Zwickau produces a series of zero (the party of cars built before the official start of the conveyor) of the 150 new model cars Trabant 601. The car was based on the same chassis as the P600 and equipped with the same 23-horsepower two-stroke. A completely new body was a car that looked far more modern than its predecessor.

19. Trabant 601 «zero» series at the Museum of Saxon cars in Chemnitz. This copy is one of the oldest Trabant 601 th model, extant and is different from the production model with many small details.

 Trabant story legend.

In March 1964, the new car was introduced to the public, and in June he began his serial assembly. Since 1964 and until the end of production in 1991 car design does not change except for minor cosmetic changes to the 1989 model. Technical changes to the design gradually paid within 27 years of production models, but they could not compensate for the fact hopeless obsolescence of machines by the end of 1960. Obsolete not only the design of the car, but also dirty and noisy two-stroke engine no longer conform to the trend of automotive late 1960s and in the 1970s became altogether anachronistic.

20. Three shestsotpervyh in the Dresden Museum of the GDR.

 Trabant story legend.

Nevertheless, the production capacity of factories in Zwickau were unable to satisfy the huge demand for cars in eastern Germany. In the first years of production of the car, turn on him was about three years old, and by the end of 1970 was 15 years. Cars were distributed as follows: who wants to buy a car in the checkout process Autohaus assigned to his constituency and dragged on for a long long-term expectation. As in the Soviet Union, the links could greatly reduce the waiting time.

Not that the Trabant was such a popular car, just an alternative to the inhabitants of the GDR was not, especially for this price. Wartburg same cost twice as much, and there were also long-term queue.

 Trabant story legend.

Trabant 601 minutes during his long life on the line subjected to a slight improvement. Among the most significant include: the introduction of an optional automatic clutch «Hycomat» (1965), an increase in engine power up to 26 hp (1969) and transfer electrical car with a 6-volt to 12-volt power (1983). Fuel level indicator on the anterior panel appears only in 1983 and only in the improved version of «de luxe». Also, over time, introduced a number of cosmetic changes and options that improve comfort. However, all these options are still in the 1960s in the West have been standard in cars of this class.


 Trabant story legend.

23. Interior Trabant 1980s.

 Trabant story legend.

24. In 1965, the production palette was enriched version of 601 th in the station wagon.

 Trabant story legend.

25. Many options to the Trabant was invented by craftsmen, such as a tent on the roof to enjoy.

 Trabant story legend.

26. The invention of Gerhard Mueller became widely known in 1981 after appearing in a television program «Außenseiter — Spitzenreiter». After the transfer of those wishing to purchase such a tent for his «Truby» there was no release.

 Trabant story legend.

27. The tent was set on Trabant 20 minutes and on the way to fold and unfold in three minutes. It looked like the GDR-ovsky budget camper.

 Trabant story legend.

28. In 1966, the production palette updated version of another body Trabant — Kübel P601 A, which has been specially created for border guarding the western border of the country, as a replacement patrol motorcycles. Machine produces virtually unchanged until 1990.

 Trabant story legend.

29. Since 1967, a special modification of P601 F was also supplied to forestry and Sports Society and Technology (GDR-ovsky analogue Soviet DOSAAF).

 Trabant story legend.

30. Trabant Kübelwagen P601 A French military museum de l’Abri de Hatten.

 Trabant story legend.

31. The original Trabant Kübelwagen had to have a body completely Duroplastic. But given the small volumes of production of this variant of the body (300-500 cars per year), it was cheaper to make the body of the metal than the manufacture of industrial equipment for stamping duroplastovyh body panels. As a result, the front part was taken from the usual 601 th Trabant was Duroplastic, the rest of the body was metal.

 Trabant story legend.

32. Kübelwagen P601 and on the street Moritzburg, Dresden suburb.

 Trabant story legend.

Since 1978, begin to produce civilian version Kübelwagen’a, which was positioned as a vehicle for a beach holiday. This version is called «Tramp» and made exclusively for export, mainly to Greece.

33. Trabant Tramp on the basis of the last modification Trabant 1.1 already created for the domestic market in the late 1980s. It was one of the last attempts to save the hopelessly outdated car, which was not successful. Demand for Fun Car, as it is positioned in the market, it was not. After the fall of the wall in the GDR an influx of modern and affordable European cars and buy upgrade old there were no volunteers.

 Trabant story legend.

34. As can be seen from photographs, Trabant 1.1 Fun car represents nothing other than a little modified version Kyubelvagena border. Only under the hood it was four chetyrehtaktnik from VW Polo, the license for the production of which in 1984 acquired the association of manufacturers of vehicles IFA.

 Trabant story legend.

35. In the Dresden Museum GDR generally pretty rich collection of satellites, including some very interesting items, such as the Trabant 1967 issue, on which one brave German traveler Ulrich Kummer traveled 21,000 km on the African continent.

 Trabant story legend.

36. Trabant also took an active part in the sport. In the Dresden Museum of the GDR can be seen racing instance 601 th Trabant.

 Trabant story legend.

37. As well as buggies, assembled from components and assemblies of the national car.

 Trabant story legend.

38. There is even a version of the rail Trabant, this machine I recently devoted a separate post.

 Trabant story legend.

39. After some time after the unification of Germany Trabant again began to gain popularity as a cult car. And with the acquisition of the status of the car legend became the object of various types of tuning.

 Trabant story legend.

40. Many owners of an old Truby his trying to give his car personality, not limiting itself to flights of fancy.

 Trabant story legend.

41. These few satellites tuned met me in a suburb of Dresden Moritzburg. Apparently there was held a meeting of the club fans «Truby.»

 Trabant story legend.

 Trabant story legend.

 Trabant story legend.

44. Trabant 601, converted into a convertible, met me in a provincial town of Saxony.

 Trabant story legend.

45. The Trabant is not only a cult car, but also one of the subjects Ostalgie — nostalgia for bygone socialist past in socialist countries. Therefore, in the province of East German Trabant in perfect condition occurs frequently. Object of ridicule Trabant became a pet of East Germans.

 Trabant story legend.

46. ​​Another way to change the appearance of his «Truby» is presented in the Dresden Museum of the GDR.

 Trabant story legend.

47. For the amount of 980 euros each owner of his Trabant can turn your pet into such a freak here.

 Trabant story legend.

48. Buy a new front end for the Trabant can be right there in the museum of the GDR. I do not know how the taste of a person must possess to be decided on such a step. For me so it was terrible.

 Trabant story legend.

General theme Trabant tuning is very extensive. To see how it is sometimes boundless fantasy owners of these machines, simply enter a guglokartinkah «Trabant tuning».

But back to the story. Trabant 601, launched in 1964, planned to change the new model in 1968, and even vengeance were the development of a new car, but the government decided the project was rejected. Also in the 1970s, attempts were made to create a modern Trabant successor, but these concepts are not the government gave the green light. On that there were various reasons: firstly, it was necessary to build a new modern production facilities, re-equip old equipment — for such purposes in the impoverished socialist economy of the GDR had no money. Secondly, the government of the GDR did not have economic incentives to start production of the new model, because the old queue was 10 years old. Demand in the country of eternal deficit greatly exceeded supply, so that started in 1964 Trabant 601 with minor modifications was produced until 1990.

In the 1980s, the automotive industry of the GDR still produce cars started in the first half of 1960 and equipped with dirty and noisy two-stroke engines, which are already in the early 1970s looked anachronistic. In order to modernize the automotive industry association IFA 1984 Volkswagen buys a license for the production of two four-stroke four-cylinder engine capacity of 1.1 and 1.3 liters. The first was intended to modernize the Trabant, the second — for the Wartburg and Longboat.

The German government has invested some eight billion marks in the equipment line for the production of new engines, so the money to upgrade the exterior of the car remains very small.Designed by engineers from Zwickau modern prototype of the new small car was rejected by the government and instead of a new body Trabant received only minor cosmetic updates: steel hood, new falshreshetku radiator, new plastic bumper and new taillights.The rest of the exterior of the new Trabant did not differ from the 1964 model.The new machine has received index 1.1, which traditionally shows the volume of the engine, and the fall of 1989 was presented to the public.49. Trabant 1.1 in the station wagon in the Dresden Museum of the GDR.

 Trabant story legend.

New Trabant was very cold greeted customers, because by the time the car represented a complete anachronism, which also became more expensive on 6000 makes and that after purchase had to wait for about ten years. Manufacturing production version of the Trabant 1.1 began in May 1990, and on June 1 was introduced by the West German currency, which varies at the rate of one to one, so that the Western cars at once became available East Germans and the demand for a new Trabant was disastrously low. Large batches of this car were sent only to Poland and Hungary under contracts within the organization «Council for Mutual Economic Assistance» — Soviet analog of the European Economic Community.

Production of the new car lasted exactly one year and April 20, 1991 conveyor plant in Zwickau was stopped after 33 years of production satellites. In all there were 39,474 cars model «1.1» and the total number of issued Trabant was more than three million.

50. Trabant 1.1 on the streets of Dresden.

 Trabant story legend.

May 21 at the production facilities of the plant, where the collected new Trabant, began production of VW Polo II.The factory was bought by VW concern here today produce such models as the concern VW Golf and VW Passat.In 2010, the VW plant in Zwickau set production record — 250,000 issued cars a year.In addition to the production of finished cars in Zwickau also made a body for the luxury cars of concern — VW Phaeton and the Bentley Continental.51. Grandfather and grandson in the Dresden Museum of the GDR. Ancestor Trabant — IFA F8 and Trabant 1.1 from the last batch «Edition 444″.

 Trabant story legend.

«Edition 444″ — the so-called batch of 444 cars Trabant 1.1 station wagon, which was exported to Turkey in 1991, but due to the bankruptcy of the company importing all cars stood for several years in the port of the open air and then came back in Zwickau. After a little refinement, they tried in 1994 to sell to collectors, as the latest batch of car legend. Initially, the price has been set at 20,000 marks, but who want to buy a rarity for the price of a new car Western was not found, then the price fell to 10 000 DM, which is still not contributed to the recovery in demand. One car in the series is now represented in the Dresden Museum of the GDR.

Story about the history of the legendary car would not be complete without mentioning the prototypes that had to change on the conveyor outdated 601-th model.

52. In the photo one of the versions of the new Trabant appearance, created the most famous industrial designers GDR Klaus Dieter and Lutsom Rudolph in 1979. Exhibited in the industrial museum Chemnitz.

 Trabant story legend.

As I mentioned, 601 th Trabant planned to produce a total of four years, and then in 1968 it was replaced by a new machine, the development of which was in full swing in the design office VEB Sachsenring Automobilwerke Zwickau. The car has received 603 Index and had progressive for its time appearance. Several prototypes were constructed to test were tested with various motors, including a rotary piston, which then is seen as a future technology, due to its compactness in combination with power.

In 1966, by the decision of the Politburo of the development have been discontinued, and all prototypes destroyed.

53. Have survived only a few pictures that give an idea of ​​how it could look like a new generation of satellites already in 1968. In the photo the prototype P603.

 Trabant story legend.

In 1973, in cooperation with factories Automobilwerk Eisenach and Škoda began the development of a new prototype of a compact family car, get the index of P610, later renamed P 1100/1300. The prototype was equipped with a 4-cylinder chetyrehtaktnikom, developed capacity of 45 hp, making it easy to start running the car up to speed 125 km / h. In the development of the project has been invested 35 million marks, a few built prototypes successfully passed a road test. Manufacture of machinery had been planned for 1984, but in 1979 by the decision of the party the project was canceled.

54. One of the surviving prototypes Trabant P1100 in a German museum.

 Trabant story legend.
Photos: Rudolf Stricker

55. P670 — still one of the options of the future appearance of the family car, developed jointly with Skoda in 1975.

 Trabant story legend.

History repeats Trabant history of other automakers GDR projects of new vehicles which in the 1970s to block the party, and prototypes, the development of which took decades and a lot of money, just break. If it was not a socialist economic model imposed by the East Germans occupying power, today the East German car industry would have a completely different look and would disappear along with the GDR in 1991.
But in this case about the Trabant model 1964 would have long forgotten and he would not have found new life as a cult car and pet collectors and tuning workshops.Trabant — the only car in history, became a symbol of the whole country, the same archaic, inefficient, but in which the youth took millions of people and because the memory of a time-of-way, as the roads look familiar mass popular subcompact still does not disappear from the roads east Germany.

At the end of this post dozens of photos from satellites, I have met on the roads of Saxony.

56. 601 minutes with another GDR-ovsky numbers on the streets of Dresden.

 Trabant story legend.

57. As if only the assembly line. 601 th Trabant factory in perfect condition, met me in Moritzburg.

 Trabant story legend.

58. This workhorse met me at the Saxon province in one of the suburbs of Dresden.

IMG 7215 zpsfb104013 Trabant story legend.

59. In the courtyards of private farms in the East Province uncommon to see a similar picture.

 Trabant story legend.

60. In the eastern German Trabant installed on the garage roof, often indicate the location of garages.

 Trabant story legend.

IMG 7217 zpsca193a63 Trabant story legend.

 Trabant story legend.

63. Use as decorative elements in the design.

 Trabant story legend.

 Trabant story legend.

65. Trabant 601 near the student hostel in Dresden.

 Trabant story legend.

66. Particularly harmonious look Trabant car parks next to the GDR-native-panel houses.

 Trabant story legend.

67. For most satellites from those used by the Germans as an everyday car, it is clear that cars are really loved by their masters. The owner of this 601 th even lock the steering wheel anti-theft system.

 Trabant story legend.

68. Despite the fact that the number of satellites on German roads each year has been steadily declining (in 2014, there were 32,311 cars of this brand), they have many more years will please fans of retro eye and Ostalgie his appearance on the roads of eastern Germany.

 Trabant story legend.

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