Skip to content
 

Disability in the Middle Ages — preventive medicine

The main reasons for the acquisition of orthopedic pathologies of the Middle Ages were fractures and / or bone displacement, because in case of improper or inadequate treatment of fractures and displacements, they lead to disability. Sovetstvenno, of great interest are surgical texts concerning the methods and results of treatment of these pathologies, and, most importantly, the recommendations for the prevention of disease in disability. Let me remind you once again that in the Middle Ages an active treatment of injuries considered preventive medicine as hinder the development of chronic conditions, leads to disability.

Disability in the Middle Ages - preventive medicine

Dr. Metzler writes that, having studied the impressive amount tretizov, she came to the conclusion that medieval doctors successfully enough to cope with fractures, sprains / dislocations, displacements, burns, cuts, bites, bruises, scalding, swelling. They were able to reposition the bones and the imposition of bandages and sutures. These actions are attributed to the surgery area — «external damage» as defined surgeon Henry de Mondevill in his «La Chirurgie», released in 1306. These injuries he carried also damage the head, arms, hips, lower body, the location of which is easily determined, even if it is not on the surface — arthritis, myopia, deafness, pain in his hands. In general, medical and surgical tretizy manuscripts converge in the opinion that fracture healed improperly or too complex for

Disability in the Middle Ages - preventive medicine

Early texts XI — beginning of XII centuries mostly or strongly recommend certain treatments or sharply warned against. The same Albukasis, considering the cases of treatment of fractures in which the bone shattered, sees no reason to intervene if the result is outwardly deformed limb, but totally functional within normal limits. «Do not listen to those who think that the bone should be broken again,» he warns. Well what can I say … It is in the 20th century, my broken wrist (closed displaced fracture) coalesce was wrong. And I broke it again. Without anesthesia. I screamed as can yell Six-Year only in this case, and held me in place three. Nevertheless, the result justified the means — I did not krivorukost in the physical sense of the word, and functionally and cosmetically each wrist not differ from each other. This is the way of the barbaric medieval methods of treatment, and that even the geniuses of medicine are not always right. Thank you, I remained anonymous provincial chiropractor!

Generally, the interest the evolution of medical texts from the twelfth to the fifteenth century. If only because it shows how certain practices, the most popular, it is based on old achievements, but do not appear out of thin air as insight brilliant surgeon. Previously referred to herein William of Saliseto (Guglielmo da Salicheto) in 1270 wrote tretiz how fractures can lead to what he defined the term crepitus, injury. But in the description of practices, it relies on the work of Roger of Salerno (Rogerio Frugardo) Chirurgia, of which Raymond of Avignon in 1209 did vernakulyarnuyu version (popularized, in fact), adding that the displacement of the shoulder joints, typical Knights after falling from a horse, You must be corrected immediately.

Disability in the Middle Ages - preventive medicine

In this case, both the master base their recommendations on the Hippocratic methods involving pressure and stretching of the affected bone. On Chirurgia also relies, in turn, the French manuscript of the early fourteenth century, clarifying exactly how to reduce a shoulder two assistants support the patient stretched out in a solid surface coated with something to soften, and the surgeon presses the displaced to the joint. If I’m not mistaken, so the joints and reduce a, nothing new could not come up since. We also somehow implicitly learned not quite correct interpretation of mediaeval medical practices, as if to say that the therapists were immeasurably superior to surgeons from both the medical would lower caste.

Disability in the Middle Ages - preventive medicine

In fact, quite often therapists describe what applies, according to the classification of the time, to surgical cases. If only because the human body — is a single functioning whole. Gilbertus Anglikus (1180 — 1250), English znamenitiyshy physiatrist, whose work has been reprinted more in the sixteenth century, and studied surgery in Salerno, under the direction of Rogerio Frugardo. And in his Compendium Medicinae from 1240, devoted, for the most part, descriptions of internal diseases, it included descriptions of wounds and fractures of arms and ribs, offset jaws, arms and ribs. In particular, it is believed that the separation of the aitch bone from the iliac, as a result of injury or degeneration, leaves man lame forever, if you do not apply some consequences for rubbing, which can improve the condition. At all,

Disability in the Middle Ages - preventive medicine

As the modern science  main objectives of adequate treatment pelvis injuries are haemorrhage and stabilization of hemodynamic recovery possible coagulation disorders, mechanical integrity and stability of the pelvic ring, as well as preventing the development of complications (septic, on the part of the urinary tract, intestines, blood vessels, sexual dysfunction , violations of walk); and, ultimately, the final stabilization of the pelvis. So soon as the lameness threatened those who survived and has not expired, in case of traumatic injury, blood (from what presently killed about a third of patients). Gilbertus also indicated that the fractures of the tibia at a distance of about 3 inches from the knee and hip joints are the most dangerous (obviously, in this case, is dangerous not so much the fracture and being able to follow him limp as the risk of bleeding).

Написать отзыв

Лимит времени истёк. Пожалуйста, перезагрузите CAPTCHA.