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[:RU]Abandoned lunar station in Crimea[:]

[:RU]This is a story about one of the coolest, unusual and obscure abandoned places in the Crimea. Moreover, I myself have been on it quite by accident and are still perfectly remember the night when we were high above the valley on the half-rotten beams once-secret lunar station, admiring the sunset …

Solid or dust?
This question has been one of the most important in the Soviet space science in the early 60th year and touched it the surface of the Moon.
The Soviet Union in those years worked closely over the lunar program, we had to get ahead of the Americans and the first to send an artificial device to the satellite our planet. But no one knew what the structure of the lunar surface and had two hypothesis — first, that the moon is covered with a thick layer of loose cosmic dust, second, that the solid surface of the moon …
So in 1964 there was an artificial moon in the Crimea. On top of the mountain Balaly-Kai built the lunar station, and at its foot, set the radio telescope, with which, in the end, reliable information was received that the lunar surface is hard and it can be sent to Lunokhod (lander) and humans.
Later this station is used to calculate the absolute temperature of Jupiter and objects Cassiopeia, Taurus, Cygnus, and in the study of the surface of Mars, Jupiter and Mercury …


2. Abandoned setting «artificial moon» can be clearly seen from the highway Sudak, Koktebel, and that it only did not speak to the question of a passing tourist. This relay, and a ski lift, and a part of the unfinished power lines, and even … the remains of Noah’s Ark (despite all the nonsense of the last option, believe in it !!!).
It belonged to this once-advanced setting Gorky Research Institute of Radio Physics. Mounting it, and located at the foot of the mountain radio telescope, launched in October 1964. Supervised project Soviet scholar Vsevolod Troitsky. At the time of construction of the lunar station was actually the experiment.
It is believed that two years before the start of the project «Artificial Moon» in Moscow there was a legendary story. The meeting, headed by SP Korolev, which was held in the Council of Ministers building, tough there was a question about the characteristics of the lunar soil, necessary for the construction of lunar rover. Faced those same two points of view: first, that the moon is covered with a thick layer of loose cosmic dust, second, that the solid surface of the moon. SP Korolev had to make a decision, and the discussion continued. Sergey Pavlovich found the original organizational solution: let the participants a piece of paper divided into two parts. We had to sign up (for history) at one point of view. And there was only one piece of signature VS Trinity. After that SP Korolev put his resolution: «The moon solid!»
But actually it is yet to be seen.
It is this mountain and this place was chosen for a reason. The fact that the experiment was based on the method of comparing the radio emission from the moon, and this artificial moon, using artificial moon as a reference. But the experiments needed some landscape — an artificial moon shall be as high above the horizon, as well as real, and angle of the telescope had to be the same.
The top Balaly-Kai and the foot of the mountain perfectly approached for this purpose, and experiments can be carried out more once a day for several months.
Moon Station in Crimea

3. To carry out tests on the top of Mount established a special metal structure, which consolidated the artificial moon — black disc with a diameter of 5 meters, whose surface was covered with carbon foam radiopoglotitelem. Installation is a practical model of blackbody for the centimeter range. Radiowaves
result of these investigations was the exact definition of the parameters and the composition of the lunar soil and the creation of a modern model of the upper structure of the moon cover. It has been discovered that the temperature of the moon due to the decay of radioactive elements (uranium, thorium and potassium) in its interior. In the future, the method of artificial moon was used for high-precision measurements of the effective temperature distribution of the radio emission of the Galaxy.
Moon Station in Crimea

4. At a distance of about 550 meters from the «artificial moon», at the foot of the radio telescope was installed, which sent a wave on a disk, and the present moon.
Now only the base of the telescope remains.
Moon Station in Crimea

5. Such was this setting in the 60 years of research on the peak

6. Today, the object is completely abandoned, but because he is in the territory of Karadag reserve, it does not cut into scrap metal, and he miraculously survived at least in this form.
Moon Station in Crimea

7. The upper part of the lunar station is located on the highest point of Balaly-Kai, at an altitude of 391 meters above sea level. Directly to the top of the leading metal ladder, by the way, already shaky from time to time and its destructive rust
Moon Station in Crimea

8. The platform supports disk at once beamed a small, reinforced metal directly into the rock. It is paved with half-rotten wooden beams and planks and beams themselves are held with metal extensions.
Moon Station in Crimea

9. The design is still quite tight, but being on it, you know, stand for it will not be long — all plays and bends under your feet.
The time and weathering slowly makes his case
Moon Station in Crimea

10. Stretch. Some even in a fully functional state and maintain high iron beams, and some have already «given up» and the rust of «ripped» from the ends of the cables to the fortified rock pins.
Moon Station in Crimea

11. Wooden beams and floorboards, too, on the way …
Moon Station in Crimea

12. An amazing combination of collapsing human creations and eternal creatures of nature.
Dying urban background object on an incredibly beautiful scenery.
Moon Station in Crimea

13. Views of the surrounding valleys and Karadag
Moon Station in Crimea

14. At the bottom of the vineyards, the Black Sea and Karadag reserve the right number of light structures. Here there was located a telescope, as well as laboratory houses-trailers.
Moon Station in Crimea

15. The remains of metal structures. Part of the rope, as we see, already torn
Moon Station in Crimea

16. One of the flue in the sky metal beams, on which hung the artificial disc of the moon.
Moon Station in Crimea

17. The opening, which hung drive
Moon Station in Crimea

18. That such graphite dies were covered with artificial moon
Moon Station in Crimea

19. One of the extensions that support the high beam. No wonder guides «treat» gullible tourists about Noah’s Ark. Even here it seems that you are standing on the bow of the ship, soaring above the mountains.
Moon Station in Crimea

20. Remains of the room in which to store the necessary equipment. It is amazing to see the long-abandoned facility as the whole part of it.
Usually, even if not looters, vandals all break, foul inscriptions and graffiti.
Moon Station in Crimea

21. Well. in addition to the species, here you can watch an incredibly beautiful summer sunset. Straight from the nose of the metal «ship», who gave very valuable information to send another ship into space, right on the moon …
Moon Station in Crimea

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