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[:RU]How to make barrels for cognac[:]

[:RU]? What is a barrel of brandy
In fact, you drink it, when drinking cognac.
Color, aroma and taste of the drink, notes of flowers or fruit, chocolate and spices -. It’s barrel
Because of her brandy spirit extends all over the years, which will allow him to future be called cognac.
Despite the fact that in the XXI century, nanotechnology-and 3D-printers, cognac barrels so much where do manually by old technology and the use of classical instruments medieval coopers.
Let’s see how it is done coopers cognac giant the Hennessy.


2. Hennessy — Cognac is a huge empire. They have endless cellars and brandy deposits in the barrels, they have their own distillery and many small private stills, delivering giant best alcohols, they have their own cooperage production …
Barrel — this is one of the most important factors in the production of cognac, so the correct barrel from the right oak and with the desired degree of roasting is very important in the production chain.
at Hennessy cooperage several shops, which are located at different production sites, and in one of these workshops showed us, how do these same cognac barrels

How to make barrels for cognac

3. Master who makes barrels is called Cooper and his workshop — cooperage. Earlier Bondarsky case was ubiquitous, but in the XX century, almost universally come to naught. But despite the modern vessels, and materials for their production, in the XXI century cooper’s profession is still needed, as for the production of wine and brandy are required only real wooden barrels.
How many years ago, Cooper with an ax and other carpentry tools adjusts dowel barrels to one another, their vystrugivaet makes folds zautornikom, drives them to the bottom of the barrel and connects wood or iron hoops …

How to make barrels for cognac

4. Cognac alcohol is matured in casks made ​​entirely of oak, traditionally grown in the forests of Limousin (Limousin) and Tronçais (Tronse). Charente Masters have long recognized the unique quality of this tree. Forest of Tronçais, located in the Allier region (Allier), provides fine-grained soft wood coopers ideal porosity, and the forest Limousin — provides a medium-and durable wood.
For production of barrels take only the lower part of the trunks of trees older than 100 years !!!
Trunks first cut into segments, and only then on the same size sawing boards.
boards stacked in piles and sent to 3 years in the natural drying.

How to make barrels for cognac

5. When the boards have dried, they are sawn into blanks for barrels.
Each barrel consists of 32 boards, each of which has a slightly different from neighboring configuration.

How to make barrels for cognac

6. boards cut to special patterns, kits for each barrel.
Also, on each barrel hoops at Cooper have set.
Also hoops and boards, he still need tools: hammer, plane curve, shpuntubel, cooper clamp, preload, compasses and zautornik.
Yes, and even fire and metal cable.

 

7. First of all, you need to dial the barrel of the boards (they are called rivets)
One after another riveting Cooper adjusts to each other, fixing them to the top hoop and hands.

How to make barrels for cognac

8. If the riveting drawn in the right order when removing the wrap structure must not collapse.

How to make barrels for cognac

9. Testing conducted. Now the barrel pounces 4 top hoop and Cooper with a hammer fills them up front, giving it an initial geometric rigidity. Bottom of the barrel when it is «open», like the petals of a flower. The second part of the barrel pulled hoops later, after firing.

How to make barrels for cognac

10. Barrel flower set over the fireplace with open fire for burning.

How to make barrels for cognac

11. The degree of roasting is crucial and affects the taste of the future of brandy, so Cooper carefully watching the process.

How to make barrels for cognac

12. Barrel mounted above the fireplace, tight at the bottom of a metal rope, one end of which is fixed in a special lever machine. While the barrel is burned inside it will gradually pull to lock the second part of the hoops. In the process, part of the outer barrel from time to time with water sprinkled …

How to make barrels for cognac

13. And gradually tightening the rope using a standard lever.
When riveting unite into a single unit, a barrel is removed from fire, turn and fix the edge of the hoop. Then remove the rope and throw the remaining three hoops. Again hammer rigid fixation hoops on the barrel body.

14. Now you can start to form a desired shape inside of the barrel. Here you need to cut a neat slot covers and chamfer the edge of the barrel.
The chamfer removed special curves a plane …

How to make barrels for cognac

15. A groove is done by zautornika

How to make barrels for cognac

16. If you look at the stave in profile, it should look like in the photo.

How to make barrels for cognac

17. The final stage of the manufacture of drums — set of bottom lids. They were first placed in the inside, and then a special hook «lift» lid driving them ends into the grooves on the inside of the barrel.
Cooper makes it so deftly that you stand open-mouthed … A few seconds ago, you thought as he inside Replace the cover and now she is …

How to make barrels for cognac

18. It is necessary to replace the rough hoops on the workers and the barrel is ready.

How to make barrels for cognac

20. By the way, sometimes the barrels produced, or those otherwise damaged during operation. They did not throw away.
Please pour alcohol into another container, and the damaged barrel sent to a special workshop for repair.
There barrel dismantled, riveting enumerated by damaged is removed and in their place new pick …

21. And after the barrel out of cooperage shop, it will flood the young brandy spirit and she will fall for many years in one of the dark damp cellars on the banks of the Charente River. It will gradually darken to give all of its extracts and alcohol flavors, turning it into a noble drink.
And how much each barrel will live in the basement, no one knows …

How to make barrels for cognac

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