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[:RU]Old and new face of the Iranian capital — Tehran.[:]

[:RU]Tehran can not be called a historical city — it is a huge multicultural metropolis, the present appearance of which was generated in the second half of the XX century. In the period from 1932 to 1956 the population of Tehran has increased from 300 thousand to half a million people. From 1962 to 1980 — from 2.5 to 5.5 million. Strongly influenced by the city and the events that occurred after the 1979 Islamic Revolution — Iran-Iraq war of 1980-1988 for the southwestern oil province of Iran and occur at the same time the war in neighboring Afghanistan. At the end of the 1980s, Tehran has repeatedly been subjected to rocket attacks by Iraqi forces, at the same time hundreds of thousands of refugees from the south-western province of Khuzestan (which unfolded the main theater of operations) flocked to the capital, and themselves tegerantsy began to go even further, to the north of Iran away from the war. And at the same time Tehran has directed a large number of refugees from neighboring Afghanistan, where he was a war. Naturally, all these developments greatly affected the appearance of the city, and the ethnic composition of the population. In 1990-2000 years of the Tehran changed — construction of new neighborhoods, roads and interchanges. there was a subway. This demolition and a lot of the old quarters, giving way to the skyscrapers and concrete jungle. The current Tehran — a huge metropolis. But keep in it and the historic core. And, despite the huge size of the city itself, it is the core of very small, and easy to reach.

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1. The heart of the old town is located between the huge central bazaar (but what’s different in the East) and the Golestan palace complex. Immediately arranged ralichnye ministries, departments. This building crosses several boulevards. It’s very lively, bustling.


3. An interesting monument — a man carries a cart with bags and a child.

4. In one of the tents sell large cloth with some nadpiyasmi Farsi. I wonder what is written on them — apparently, something religious.

5. Historic buildings central Tehran.


7. Golestan Palace complex — the main historic gem Tehran. Before the Islamic revolution of 1979 is the residence of the Iranian shahs and mosque. Golestan translated means «Rose Palace» and was built in the XVI century, during the reign of Tahmasp I, second Sefeidov Shah family. During the following centuries the palace complex was reconstructed several times by different shahs and its appearance nanyshny acquired in the late XIX century.



10. The buildings of the palace complex with interesting tiles. I can not explain why — but I just love the tile decorations on the facades of houses. Fell in love with them still in Spain (Madrid, Toledo, Malaga, Barcelona). Interesting tiles colonial buildings in Latin America. And here tiles with oriental themes — will have to somehow prepare on this subject a separate post.:)





15. On the territory of the palace complex is a park, which is probably so nice to hide from the summer heat. And now, in early January, sunny day, you feel, as we do in April. Just the smell of spring!:)

16. The central alley.





21. One of the most striking buildings in the complex of Golestan — Shams-ul-Emaneh, is a pavilion with two brightly colored towers. Built in 1867 at Nasruddin Shah, it is a rare example of successful blending of Eastern and Western culture.



24. In the most magnificent halls of the palace complex of Golestan can not be photographed, but those rooms where photographing is possible — very impressive.






30. Now go through the more modern quarters of Tehran. Actually, even the center of the city is represented mainly by modern buildings — the city was heavily rebuilt in the XX century.

31. Monument near the post office.

32. Another beautiful square in the city center. This is known as the Museum Quarter, which also are numerous ministries and government agencies.




36. In Tehran, a lot of museums, from the variety we went into one — the Archaeology Museum, or the Museum of Ancient Iran. It tells about the historical past of Persia.

37. In conclusion — a few pictures of modern neighborhoods of Tehran. The city is huge, but most neighborhoods look like, or roughly similar.:)




41. And everything going on in the city, watching the all-seeing eye of Imam Ruhollah Khomeini — the leader of the Islamic Revolution of 1979 and the first Supreme ruler of Iran from 1979 to 1989. After the death of Ruhollah Khomeini, Iran’s supreme power passed to his successor — the current supreme ruler of Iran, Ali Khamenei.


Tehran — picturesque town, but not the most interesting thing that can be seen in Iran. We spent there one full day. During this time, you can not see everything, but the impression of the Iranian capital sum. Upon arrival in Tehran from Moscow early in the morning, in the evening of the same day we flew to Yazd — one of the most interesting historical cities of Iran.

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