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[:RU]How to grow vegetables and fruits in a kibbutz[:]

[:RU]The Russian and Ukrainian retail chains can be found a lot of Israeli fruits and vegetables. But few know that the Israeli eggplant, zucchini, potatoes, carrots, onions, grapes, oranges, and more are grown directly in the sand in the Negev desert, or even more arid Arava valley on the border with Jordan. Moreover, much of the plantations and greenhouses are not even close, and right among minefields and eggplant from the extreme to Jordan ten meters. And if you even this is not enough in these areas are practically no precipitation of less then 50 mm per year (for comparison, in the central part of Russia — up to 800 mm per year). Simply put, rain is rare during the year they can be counted on the fingers.

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There are no black soil, there are no rivers or lakes. In general, black spots, where breathing hard from the constant dust and stifling heat to 50 degrees in the shade most of the year. Nevertheless, these greenhouses and beds in the sand fed Mother Russia fresh and tasty fruits and vegetables. Read on and you will not believe your eyes.

These sites are located in the southern part of Israel, take a look at the map immediately, «under the» Dead Sea to Eilat on the Red Sea stretches the border with Jordan, and along with it the route №90, leading to Eilat. So, between the road and the boundary stretched dry and dusty Arava Valley, where there are about ten kibbutz (farming), growing vegetables and fruits. Surprisingly, efficiency is such that only ten (!) Enterprises not only satisfy the needs of almost 8 million of Israel, but also manage to fill the shelves of Russian and Ukrainian supermarkets. Without water, without the normal soil without rain. Without exaggeration — amazing.

Riding on these black spots with sand in her hair parched and dry wind nose, never ceased to be surprised that a thousand Russian collective farms are unable to feed, and then a dozen farms put the case on the flow and provides millions of people. But let us leave the lyrics (and some would say that I am of «Russophobia», say Russian farmers dislike, and their eternal battle for the harvest) and go for a walk. It is the most —


Earlier I said that the plantations are located at the border. But I forgot to add that the local border has a number of features. The fact is that in 1994, with the signing of the peace treaty between Jordan and Israel, there was exchange of territories. The border is passed through the bed of a seasonal river Arava, on muddy streams which descended from the mountains after the rain eventually reach these places and flow in the direction of the Dead Sea. This happens a few times a year and only in the winter. So, in line with this so to be called, and the river was the border.

On the Israeli side of the Arava desert development began in the late 50s, on the Jordanian nothing there to this day. Add to this state of war existed between the two countries until 1994, and the following result: the Israelis in order to protect the surrounding border towns, captured the strategic points on the Jordanian side of the border. It was a long time ago, the fifties, the exact demarcation of the border did not exist, the river bed is shifted back and forth. From the Jordan actually carried out raids and attacks, it is enough to mention the killing of 11 bus passengers Eilat-Tel Aviv in 1954, as discussed in the article «The most dangerous road of Israel.»

In the end, signed a peace treaty in 1994, the two countries finally to determine the boundaries once and for all. As a result, Israel recognized Jordan for about 300 square kilometers of territory in Arabia, who in turn recognized by the Israelis for some small plots of land just to the north, near the Dead Sea. But the most interesting nuance is that the territory that was annexed by Jordan after the peace treaty, there are several settlements. Do not include settlements within the houses, and their plantations and farms.

The new border was held in a few hundred meters from such settlements as: Hatseva, Yahav, Lotan and others. So, in return for Israel’s agreement to return the territories of Jordan, in the text of the peace treaty made the following paragraph «… the Israeli economy remain under Israeli control, but under the formal jurisdiction of Jordan.» Agree, it sounds very vague? In practice, this means that nothing has changed. Jordanians are required to ensure order and security in the area, but it does not have the right to repair any obstacles of any nature (customs, border and tax) Israelis.

In practice, for a tourist it looks like this: you get behind the wheel, move out of the village, five minutes drive through the border of Israel and Jordan and ride on Jordanian territory among Israeli greenhouses. What do you think? We get under way in the way and barely having left the village Hatseva, pass a formal border with Jordan. Besides warning bars there is nothing else —

Warning that you can not pull over, the mines —

We pass an Israeli border post, where not a single person —

Well, we in Jordan. At least formally. Jordanians are not met —

And here they are, the plantation on the sand. How it all grows here — the mind is not understandable.

Work is only Thais and Filipinos. The Israelis are not ready to work for the money (Thais pay at least 4,860 shekels a month, that is in 1220 dollars) in the hot and dusty desert —

Up to 80% of agricultural production of these settlements goes up in Russia. If you hit somewhere in Yaroslavl, Irkutsk or squash with the inscription «Puerrtto» — do not be surprised! Just kidding, I did not sign anything :-)))

Green pepper —

The grid covers the crops from the sun and dust —

You will not believe! This grape and it is also growing in the sand! Damn, these things beyond my comprehension —

By the way, very tasty and sweet seedless grapes, I liked it —

This potato —

And that was not stolen potatoes Jordanians, then we laid the mines. In fact, mine not because of potatoes, of course —

Eggplant —

Here is a preparation for the new crops. Plow the sand and lay the irrigation pipes —

After about half a year here grew potatoes and carrots will be at your home on the table, in Moscow and St. Petersburg —

Without water there is not anything to grow —

Panoramic view of the plantation. A border river channel is seen at the bottom right; so we’ll just visited Jordan without a visa. Saved as much as much as 60 dollars. I am smiling.

It built a dam that collects coming down from the mountain streams of water. Then, the same crops are watered with water —

After the story about grapes and squash growing in the sand, it’s time to show how Israeli farmers live in the sands and oppressive dry heat under 50 degrees. As you remember, I did for three years now dwell on a kibbutz (village) on the border of Israel and Lebanon, but here the climate is more like Sochi: pine forests, mountains and the sea. Who has not read about my village, see. The day off bloggers.

Hot in summer, but it does not compare to the Negev desert, where just as the red-hot frying pan from April until October. Nevertheless, in the hot and hospitable desert located about a dozen agricultural settlements in which they live in total several thousand people. These guys are not only in the winter feed Russia, Ukraine and a number of European countries, fresh fruits and vegetables, but also good living for yourself. Call them farmers can only be a very big stretch.

As you remember, traveling about 350 kilometers through a large part of Israel, only in the evening to reach their destination, the kibbutz Hatseva (Hatzeva), that the south of the Dead Sea, near the road leading to Eilat №90. The village met locked gates and guards in the booth. Color imparts an ad in Thai (the gate), which indicates the presence of a significant number of foreign workers —

He stopped in the extremely fun to a place called «Shvilim be midbar», or in Russian, «The paths in the wilderness.» To call it a hotel? A little something. Camping — is not it. Let me just show you where we lived, and you yourself will choose a suitable definition. First, you park the car and go inside. We arrived at night, tired, immediately found our room and went to bed.

All begin with the opening of the morning. Exit the room and find yourself in a huge kitchen where you can cook (products sold in the supermarket, it just below), use refrigerator, microwave and other kitchen utensils —

Desyatilitrovy (!) Kettle with some wonderful tea, sage donating. He looked into — did so, there is a sage. Extremely tasty, I think I blew the first day of half a teapot. It is for guests who can drink as much as you want —

Well, then this «Dahab Style», familiar to all those who love to come to the Sinai —

But, of course, civilized and cleaner Dahab. Although the idea is the same —

There’s also plenty of room in which no one is too. Where are people? I certainly here your keys and left, no problem, just amazing. And even fun, why do we need the crowd with you some sort of tourists —

Water, tea, coffee. However, I immediately became a fan of tea with sage, and now my bags «Lipton» is not razvedeshsya —

Generally kayfovo place!

Now imagine that two hours have passed and I finally saw the employees of this hotel / motel / hostel. They are Romanians. Already original. So, there are not only Thais and Filipinos. During the conversation, they told that the gate here that in the photo below, imported from Morocco (!), And not by someone, and the famous French director Claude Lelouch. In advertising, this man does not need, and who forgot something resembling its such films as «Man and Woman», «darling of fortune» and all these classic paintings with Belmondo, Lino Ventura, Yves Montand, Catherine Deneuve and others.
As is well known , Lelouch — French Jew of Algerian origin, and quite often the case in Israel. He’s in the country a number of projects, and this place, about which it is told — also has something to do with the director. This is to ensure that the gate Lelouch brought here almost 30 years ago —

These are the rooms where quite civilized, but without the chic —

Funny that the «hollow» here tired the night before, did not notice the presence of a second room —

Constant cats —

After this place two days, experienced mixed feelings. On the one hand — cool, nice, relaxing. On the other hand, it is insulting, that the lion’s share of tourists pass by, not even knowing that there is such an unusual ranch. It seems that the vast majority of their guests — they themselves, Israelis and foreign tourists are rare here. The prices have, of course, far from Dahab and less than $ 70 you do not spend the night here. But on the way to Eilat is certainly stop you like.

And now, as promised, we take a look at the life of farmers. Actually, you’re in the middle of the village, go outside and find yourself among the palm groves. Palm trees everywhere here, not only do they bring dates, but also serve as a natural shelter from the hot sun. Before the walk, it is desirable to put on a hat as the sun fuck even in March. The temperature is already 28 in the shade, and in the summer will be even higher at 12-15 degrees.

Living in the village of 280 households, the majority — quite a people of European culture, natives of Poland, Romania, the United States and as I said, now more Russian families —

Palm trees everywhere, a real oasis. Among the trees live, work, park the car, raising children, walk their dogs —

Note as an «adult» palm trees grafted shoots young trees —

This is the entrance to the house of one of the kibbutz. Just planted all the flowers and tropical plants —

Unlike similar villages in the suburbs of big cities, people here just working, not just living in the cottage. We all have our areas, where people are engaged in one or another job. Not all trees are grown here. Some have created a mini-textiles and make cardboard boxes, others collect furniture, and some farm machinery repair.

Several times a day here calls in a bus that connects the kibbutz with the «big» land, that is, with the city of Dimona, which is 35 kilometers to the west. Yet here I stop school buses collect children, carry them to school, and in the afternoon return back to the moms and dads. In addition, there several clubs for children, such as the familiar «prodlenki.»

A local supermarket, the size of a small «Pyaterochka». In principle, there is all that is needed. The ride into the city for shopping is optional. Another thing, if you have something of such things unusual, such as mineral water «Borjomi», or live fish — then yes, you direct road to the district center.

Spray the trees from insects —

Secretariat of the kibbutz, in the same mail, accounting and health center. Estimate, they have their own small health center, open from 8 to 17 every day —

One of the playgrounds —

Conventional home kibbutz. As you might imagine, there is everything: water, gas, electricity, internet —

These are the heavy routine of Israeli farmers —

Since the village is situated close to the border (to Jordan less than 800 meters), it is surrounded by a fence with barbed wire —

Border tower rises next to the kibbutz, and it can be seen everywhere. However, her reason no one —

In the village several relatively large factories, such as the small factory that manufactures plastic containers —

… And a plant for processing of vegetables and fruits —

Since the settlement has expanded greatly and new businesses emerge like mushrooms after the rain, then here are actively hiring labor. In addition to the approximately two hundred Thai workers working in the field, there is still the same number of working Israelis who come every morning to work out of town.

But this road is actually on the plantation, where the sand grow grapes, onions, zucchini, potatoes and more. On the way they are grown it has been described above.

And, of course, that by itself does not grow anything here. Everywhere summed irrigation tubes —

View of the village and plantations to the mountains —

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