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[:RU]10 km from the summit[:]

[:RU]You guessed it, that is the 10 km from the summit?

In jutting promontory above the Tasman Sea, like the lonely giant, it is a mountain-volcano — Egmont or Taranaki (Mount Taranaki).

Perched, like an island from the sea of ​​grazing meadows, Mount Egmont often seems a mirage — disappears, then there is: cloud and fog sometimes completely hide it. But on a clear day the majestic peak of cuts into the sky, and almost the entire array is visible from afar. From the snow-covered peaks (2494 m) and to the rain forest of the lower slopes of the mountain shakes dazzling scenery.

and even more …

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Maori say that Mount Egmont — they call it Taranaki — emerged at Cape Egmont as a result of falling out of love. Taranaki once lived in the center of the North Island, but he was constantly fighting with another warrior mountain, Tongariro, for the possession of a virgin mountain-Pihangoy. Taranaki was defeated. He retreated to the southwest, along the path cutting through the gorge — valley Wanganui.

Timing cliffs on the upper slopes of the mountain tell a different story: they were created by the lava, after Mount Egmont — is a volcano. Lava burst to the surface, about 70 000 years ago, when Pouakai Kaitake and volcanoes to the north-west of Mount Egmont, already extinguished. Since then, the volcano has erupted periodically Egmont, throwing Lahar — mud streams with debris. The most terrible eruption occurred in 1500, the last powerful — in 1665, but less strong — in 1775

 

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However, violent volcanic activity can not only destroy but to build. Farmers should be grateful to her for volcanic ash, providing fertile soil, which ripens a rich harvest. Some local plants found nowhere else: on the hill, isolated, like an island, rising two local species of daisies, ferns and a unique live two rare species of butterflies.

 

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Going into the maze of lush vegetation on the lower slopes, you are lost in a rain forest, where the trees are drawn to the light of Rome (dakridium) above a person 30 times. On the branches of Rome obvivaya them like vines grow other trees, for example rata (metrosideros), also fighting for access to light. Rath powered not by Rome, but on their own, lowering its aerial roots down into the soil. Eventually rata probably win Rome in the struggle for light. However, these two types of trees are disappearing under the onslaught of the Third Kind — kamah (Weisman).

Above you can see pine trees — kaykavaka (liposedrus); age of some of them more than 400 years. At about 1070 m mountains are covered with bushes as tall as a man. Rocks and debris comes over the belt of alpine flowers, and the edges of the crater cover only mosses and lichens.

 

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For centuries no one but the Maori do not set foot on the mountain slopes. In 1642 the Dutch navigator Tasman sailed past Cape Egmont, probably cloudy day, because it makes no mention of this mountain. Only January 10, 1770 Mount Egmont appeared before the eyes of Europeans; it was Captain James Cook who gave the mountain the name of the former First Lord of the Admiralty.

 

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In 1839 Maori guides accompanied the first European expedition to the top of the mountain; it was attended by a naturalist Professor E. J. Dieffenbach and whaler. Geberley. They walked in the footsteps of Tahurangi, Maori leader, ascended to the top of several centuries before them. According to legend, a thin transparent cloud, often swirling over the top — it’s the smoke from his fire. Maori believe that, among the majestic mountains inhabited by spirits and mythical reptile, so that the conductors do not dare to set foot above the snow, and the Europeans have climbed to the top together.

Today, Mount Egmont — the top of the most popular among rock climbers. Every year on her climb at least 240 000 people. The whole area within a radius of 10 km from the summit in 1881, became the reserve.

 

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Mount Egmont — the last bastion of the forests that covered the entire area; it remains untamed, like its green cover. Sudden mood swings mountains can catch visitors by surprise: what will fly the wind suddenly drops, or fog. Both the volcano is dormant, it can at any moment to wake up.

The forests that cover the slopes of Mount Egmont, grow luxurious ferns and vines, with many trees and hanging garlands long pale green moss.

Sometimes one can see through the trees pale pink petals delicate fragrant orchids. Orchids can be seen on the bottom surface of the branches; epiphytes is using tree branches for support. But they do not live at the expense of trees and feed on decaying matter and moisture that accumulates on branches.

 

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Externally similar to the Japanese volcano Mount Fuji, so in the movie «The Last Samurai» in the background was taken exactly Taranaki.

 

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This mountain for centuries was considered sacred by the local population (Maori) and, of course, the locals, there are many legends about this volcano. For example, one of them:

Earlier Taranaki lived with the other volcanoes in the center of the North Island — Tongariro  (Tongariro),  Ruapehu  (Ruapehu) and  Ngaruhoe  (Ngauruhoe). But it also has managed to fall in love with the wife of Tongariro, beautiful hill  Pihanga (Pihanga). Strong jealousy imbued Tongariro. And there was a terrible battle between the volcanoes. Taranaki was much less than the Tongariro and was defeated. All in tears, he ran to the west, to the place where is now. And his current streams tears turned into a river  Fanganui  (Wanganui). The tears of unrequited love creates more than fifty streams and mountain streams on its slopes.

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Taranaki is one of the most beautiful volcanoes in the world. In the spring, when its peaks go snow covered mountain slopes start to lush vegetation. And on the slopes of streams running down, forming a beautiful lake with clear water.

 

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Author: Olga Pereko[:]

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