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[:RU]Yellow roof Yazd[:]

[:RU]You know, the day I was reminded many times. And when we flew from Tehran to Moscow, and each time, going over notes from Iran to the iPhone, and even just in a subway car, returning home late at night.
As we almost got to the police because the accident climbed to the roof of the city’s main mosque, like drinking tea, looking at the market from the height of the dome minarets on the horizon, mysterious and endless windcatcher yellow roofs of the city.
Yazd for me personally was the most interesting point of our Iran trip. And his caravanserai, where we lived, and houses made ​​of mud brick, through which Yazd with its unique streets is not similar to any other city I’ve seen before and its people — the good, the open and friendly.
Usually, when you on a journey, moving from one city to another — working step, a common phenomenon, the pursuit of new and unexplored. From Yazd turned out a little differently. I would like to stay here for another day. Just to walk the streets, taking pictures of the scene and the lives of ordinary people … again walking through the endless rooftops.
About Yazd I will have two posts. On its upper part — the roof and the bottom — the streets. These two parts are like two different worlds, so much they are visually different.
Today, the first part, the yellow roof of Yazd.

 

2. Even before the arrival in Yazd, studying the materials of other travelers, I have seen several panoramic photos taken with some high points, and I loved what he saw, what I always wanted to try to get to the roof for at least a few frames.
First, we have agreed the administrator of the hotel and he took us to the roof of our caravanserai. Unfortunately, the picture there was not very good, I did not even process the photos. Later, walking through the galleries of the old market, all the while glancing up, hoping to see the ladder or steps leading up to the dome. Several times I tried to get up, but all the doors were closed on the lock.
As a result, the roof we were quite by accident, we can say that we are lucky.

3. Enough to walk up on the streets, to go to the cemetery who died in the Iran-Iraq war, and visited several mosques, we buzzing legs back to the caravanserai, dreaming of sweet tea, pistachios and Kupitmane. The last point of the day the program was Jami Mosque, about which we spent about 15 minutes and finally decided to look into one of the galleries, leaving the left of the mosque, if you stand back to her. Traders have not been, and passing the gallery, we went to a small area, in the end which saw the restaurant.
— Let’s have some tea, and we will go to the hotel …
— Come on.
We went photographed old TV National, and noticed that at the end of the hall, two foreigners down the stone staircase with a waitress, but in the room were all the tables are free.
— Maybe here cafe on the roof, like in Istanbul? — I suggested.
And yet, yes! On the roof we saw a few tables and sofas. We ordered tea and the waitress …

Yellow roof Yazd

4. Of course, did not sit on the fifth point, and came to the edge of the roof to make a few photos.
It was much more interesting than on the roof of our caravanserai …

Yellow roof Yazd

5. We noticed passers-by, smiled, waved and took pictures with pleasure.

Yellow roof Yazd

6. And then I jumped over to the next roof. Although you can not jump, but simply shifted from home to home and go, go, go …


Photo (c) lovigin

7. Well, everything within us has been unstoppable. Every roof, every street in the way, turned out to be more interesting to each house the previous one, and we went on and on. Well, you know how it is when delays.

Yellow roof Yazd

8. Roof Yazd is very unusual in its form and structure. Most of them has a dome shape with a hole in the central portion. The opening is closed by an additional dome is not. These openings are provided for natural lighting and ventilation inside

Yellow roof Yazd

9. You look gallery of the market, which we have been coming out of the mosque. The entire gallery consists of a domed vaults with a light box in the middle. In the distance the other galleries with lots of domes

Yellow roof Yazd

10. Sometimes a hole in the ends of the dome and to increase the amount of daylight in the room. All roofs and domes made of the same mud brick as the walls of buildings. It is this building material gives such cool colors of the streets and rooftops of Yazd

Yellow roof Yazd

11. Yazd is famous for one of its unique architectural feature — wind windcatcher towers, which are located on the roofs of houses. They exist in other cities of Iran, and even in the Emirates, but here they are particularly a lot, because this is where they are «born».
We can say that windcatcher are symbols of Yazd, just as bridges in Isfahan, the Kremlin in Moscow and channels Venice.
The word «windcatcher» translated from Farsi as «windbreak». And the name reveals it is their destiny. This traditional Persian architectural element serves to «capture the wind» and the cooling of the room, which is located under the towers. It is said that the average windcatcher lowers the temperature by 12 degrees compared to the outside temperature.

Yellow roof Yazd

12. When they began to build exactly unknown, but, for example, Marco Polo wrote about them. What windcatcher there is still quite understandable. In such a dry and hot climate without air conditioning it is very difficult, so it had to invent before the era of electricity.
windcatcher is a massive tower, rising from the lowest building space high above his roof. This tower is divided, as a rule, four times the number of vertical air channels at the top of windcatcher onto the four corners of the world. These channels, respectively, the weather and wind direction may need to open and close, regulating thus the air flow inside the building.

Yellow roof Yazd

13. The height of the tower can be used based on the movement of warm air flows t. N. «Chimney effect», as well as entry into the fresh air and the wind. If the building is hot and reigns fever, the action takes «chimney effect» (especially frequent at night). The cool night air flowing through windcatcher the building and collect the heat cools, the heated wall. They come heated air which rises back to windcatcher and out. In addition, the walls and towers of the building, especially the roof, also emit at night the heat accumulated during the day. In addition to providing the building with fresh air, windcatcher serves the purposes of quality ventilation of all rooms inside the house, as well as to ensure sufficient air humidity. From the length of the channel windcatcher depend on their specific heat and the amount of water that it is able to accumulate and to cool make-up air in order to increase its moisture.
Schematically windcatcher scheme and its operation is as follows:

14. windcatcher can be seen everywhere in Yazd, but they look very impressive when you look at them from above.

Yellow roof Yazd

15. Yazd only a few relatively high modern buildings and all of them are in the same part of the city, quite remote from the city center, so the old part of the city is very homogeneous, effective and not spoiled by modernity. In my opinion, Yazd from it only wins

Yellow roof Yazd

16. Watch the endless yellow roofs can be infinite. By the way, note the majority of roofs have a side, ie It provides for the possibility of finding them in certain order. Sloped or pitched roofs at all. This is understandable, to remove moisture from them do not need rain here is not seen.

Yellow roof Yazd

17. A lot of households abandoned and partially destroyed

Yellow roof Yazd

18. Once someone has lived here …

Yellow roof Yazd

19. But the most beautiful views — views of the mosques and minarets towering over the town yellow.

Yellow roof Yazd

20. The distance the mosque Amir Chakma and unidentified mosque minarets

Yellow roof Yazd

21. Mohammedia mosque.

Yellow roof Yazd

22. So, quite unconsciously, we were there, from left, heading to the restaurant itself — from the Friday Mosque. Only now we were on top. Of course, we could not resist the temptation to take pictures with the unusual angle

Yellow roof Yazd

23. Dome madrassas with beautiful light windows

Yellow roof Yazd

24. The dome of the main mosque of Yazd — the Friday Mosque and the highest minarets of Persia

Yellow roof Yazd

25. Somewhere in that time we have seen the bottom and called the police …

Yellow roof Yazd

26. In general, we do realize that we are here for a long time should not be, they made their shots and went the same way back to the tearoom on the roof.

Yellow roof Yazd

27. Last picture — view of the square and the entrance to the mosque Jami

Yellow roof Yazd

28. Returning to their couches, we saw standing at the bottom of the policeman who was looking in our direction. Immediately I ran the cafe owner and asked if we walked on the roofs. We said yes, because no prohibition tablets or inscriptions in the cafe there. Naturally, we apologized. Owner greatly distressed gone down to talk to the police, but just in case we replace the memory card in the cells, so that in case of negative development of the script, do not lose your footage.

Yellow roof Yazd

29. And after 5 minutes they brought us tea with burnt sugar on a stick. Just as our candy. I must say, to drink tea so delicious!

Having decided that a long time does not make sense to sit here and be something that could not be avoided, we headed down toward a policeman. To pay for the tea, once again apologized to the owner of the restaurant. A police officer was standing a few meters away from the exit. As we passed, he said: «Hi! How are you? …
«One could safely return the camera memory back to the camera …

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