Skip to content
 

[:RU]Leaves for the buzz. Market kata in Africa[:]

[:RU]Do you know what «cat»?
No, it’s not what you put in long positions in the LJ, this is an easy drug, illicit trafficking in Russia and many other countries.
But in Africa it is widespread in some countries, and there are even special streets and markets, where the whole town goes to buy a bundle of khat. If you come to this market at 9 am, you will see quite a bit and traders, and people. But in the afternoon …. there will be pandemonium. The fact is that for dinner traders bring the freshest, torn cat morning, well, people are in a hurry for a dose of the plant.
Cut (or, as it is called in Ethiopia, Chuck) is chewed here almost all, almost children. And, of course, do not consider it a drug. Chuck is even more common than cigarettes. Even dirty ragged beggar, skinny as a rail, each day will chew Chuck but will eat if he this day, not a fact.
The day before yesterday I went to the market kata (Chuck) in the Ethiopian town of Harar, where my own eyes saw the queues to merchants with the «best product» like children beckoning passers-by to the point where trade their mother and how happy people leave with a welcome bag of purchased for 100-150 Birr (5-7 dollars).


2. Market Chaka Harare seemingly no different from many other corners of the ancient trading city, where they sell vegetables, fruits, nuts, milk, water, and all sorts of things small. And only if you look closely, you can see that to traffickers is one and the same product — a huge bag with some branches.

Market khat in Ethiopia

3. Match closer and see how women make out the contents of the newly brought on donkeys bags the size of the very donkeys. They dismantled branches in size and stack them in bundles of the same size, tying them with thread. Bunches fresher lie open as in the window, beams with less fresh scrapping place branches at once packed in transparent plastic bags. This will go a little cheaper freshest. The sooner a woman will sort items until the time of the main influx of customers, the more goods they will sell at the maximum price, as he did not have time obvyanut because Chuck (cat) is especially appreciated «plucked»

Market khat in Ethiopia

4. What does this do to the branches, and why they have such a stir in Africa?
Cat — type of evergreen shrub of the family celastraceae.
Its origin is controversial. Some believe that it comes from Ethiopia, where it then spread to the highlands of East Africa and Yemen. Others believe that the cat comes from Yemen, from which was distributed by the Arabs in neighboring countries.
Since ancient times, long before the use of coffee in the XII century., Fresh and dried leaves of khat was used for chewing or brewing like tea as a light stimulant drugs .
The most common cat was in the Arabian region and East Africa (the so-called Horn of Africa), such as Yemen, Somalia, Ethiopia. Cat on a small scale is also cultivated in India and Sri Lanka. The fact is that in these countries traditionally dominated by the Muslim religion, which prohibits alcohol. Therefore, in the social and cultural meaning of cat can be considered as a substitute.

Market khat in Ethiopia

5. In the countries of the Arabian Peninsula, the above-mentioned countries in East Africa cat — an integral part of society: it is taken during a meeting in the cafe (instead of or in combination with coffee) or after work, as a means of relaxation, students use it during exam preparation.
In Yemen, according to some estimates cat uses up to 90% of the male population and 25% of women. For the Yemenis themselves chewing khat is not just a pastime or an addiction. It’s a lifestyle. Khat trade support tens of thousands of families in the country and this takes millions of dollars a year.
Worldwide, about 10 million people use cat.
In some countries (such as Russia and the United States) Cat banned as a narcotic drug.

Market khat in Ethiopia

6. The sale of khat is mainly in the afternoon. As I said above, it is the time people rush to the market that others do not have time to make out the best that the ligaments and ligaments do not have time to wither in the heat. Green leaves of khat are buying bundles, while paying attention to the cut stalks and leaves the state. Buyers looking to branches were neat, plump with elastic tip that when they break off, almost gush juice. The cut must be fresh, and the tops of the leaves, not sluggish and not damaged.

Market khat in Ethiopia

7. The plant contains substances stimulating, narcotic effect, and therefore have been widely known. When shrinkage of the effectiveness of active ingredients in it decreases rapidly, so harvest the leaves and stems of khat is transported in plastic bags and packed in banana leaves to preserve the high activity of the raw material.
It is believed that the stimulating effect has contained in the plant material, usually referred to as cathine, the class phenylethylamine. However, this claim is disputed — extracts from fresh leaves also contain — cathinone, a physiologically active substance than cathine. According to UNESCO, the active substances belong to the group of pseudoephedrine.

Market khat in Ethiopia

8. The market kata in Harare you can see quite a lot of children. It is interesting that they themselves do not sell bags with leaves, and only show a «good their product» and drag the buyer s hand to the place where they sell their mother.

Market khat in Ethiopia

9.

Market khat in Ethiopia

10. Well, here expanse. For every taste and purse.
The price I announced at the beginning of Lent — 100-150 Birr per beam (300-450 rubles).
According to traders, the beam is sufficient for the company of three people.

Market khat in Ethiopia

eleven.

Market khat in Ethiopia

12. How is it used. Ethiopians put khat leaves in the mouth and teeth to chew hard, then chewed the leaves move tongue in his cheek. The process continues for three hours. When they talk, smoke, drink water or eat.
Cut causes mild euphoria and excitement. We also know that the cat can provoke inappropriate behavior, and hyperactivity. Some locals like to eat cat with alcohol, which leads to highly aggressive and unpredictable behavior — on the first day of our stay in Ethiopia, we drove through the city in a taxi and the car was attacked by three teens began to beat her and kicked while on the go. The driver said that this cat vodka. Another cat suppresses appetite. Maybe that’s why it is used starving homeless? …

Market khat in Ethiopia

… And there are colors of Africa …

Liked? I need your opinion about what I do and what I write. Your comment — best estimate of my work. Let’s talk more![:]

Написать отзыв

Лимит времени истёк. Пожалуйста, перезагрузите CAPTCHA.