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[:RU]Pavlovsk Palace[:]

[:RU]Pavlovsk — probably the most comfortable of the imperial residences in the suburbs of St. Petersburg. It was built later than others: up to the end of the XVIII century, here on the banks of the river Slavyanka, settled forests where loved to hunt Catherine II. In 1777, she complained of Pavel Petrovich device problem. Soon they were erected wooden mansion called «Paullust» (Pavlov joy) and «Marienthal» (Valley of Mary). In 1782-1786 by the architect Charles Cameron built a large palace with side colonnades and an administration building. The short reign of Paul I, the palace was rebuilt and enlarged. In 1838 Pavlovsk was built Russia’s first railway. Pavlovsky «Vauxhall» has given the Russian language the word «station».

During the occupation of 1941-1944 interior of the palace was badly damaged. Due to the fact that almost the entire collection of furniture and art objects managed to take the palace it was completely renovated in 1978.

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1. When drafting Cameron chose common type of an Italian villa, flat-topped dome.

2. On the sides of the house are semicircular colonnade gallery, covering the front yard and ending service wing.

3. In 1872, in the middle of the front yard a monument to Paul I.

4. The Imperial Palace is decorated with the monogram of Paul and Mary.

5. pavilions topped with turrets.

6. On the pediment of the side buildings flanking the entrance to the courtyard, the same monogram «PM».

7. On the back of the gallery painted murals, creates a false perspective.

8. The back side of the palace, overlooking the shore of the pond facade.

9. The Wardrobe Museum is located in the central round hall of the first floor.

10. The first front of the hall, where visitors get — Egyptian lobby. Statues of Egyptians working IP Prokofiev represent the twelve months of the year. Above the sculptures — bas-reliefs with the signs of the zodiac.

11. On the second floor has grand staircase. On the wall — J. Scott frescoes depicting the descent to the garden with Egyptian sculptures.

12. The staircase leads to the ornate moldings Front Hall.

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14. From the lobby there is a passage in the central hall of the palace — Italian.

15. Hall two tiers of windows, culminates with a glass dome-lantern.

16. The original plan Cameron flat niches in the walls were to become the arches connecting the hall with the gallery that surrounded him in the square. However, to complete the finishing architect did not, because he was suspended from work.

17. The appearance of the hall built by V. Brenna in 1789 and partially modified AN Voronikhin in 1803. According to the latest figures made figures of eagles on the ledge, caryatids between the arches, balustrades choirs.

18. Through Kamerdinerskuyu Free and Paul I move into the Library of Russia.

19. Extension of curved space and interior were carried out in 1824 by Carlo Rossi.

20. The lamp with the image of Maria Feodorovna.

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22. The next room — small room of Paul I.

23. The center of the room occupied by the monumental desk, mahogany, on which the temple of Vesta — goddess of the hearth.

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26. At the board table represented one of the first images of Pavlovsk in the art inlaid wood. The table is created in 1787 serf master Count Saltykov MJ Veretennikov.

27. The ceiling is decorated with an oval picture of Scotty D. «The triumph of truth, banishing the vices.»

28. Carpet room decorated with tapestries. The central one is called «Ladies are Don Quixote.»

29. On the side walls are located in Brussels tapestry of the XVIII century, one of them — the dedication of Don Quixote was knighted.

30. Hall of war designed by V. Brenna. After joining Paul I to the throne of this room served as a small throne room.

31. Octagonal in plan, with four semi-circular niches, hall lined with white artificial marble and richly decorated with magnificent gilded stucco.

32. Greek Hall was designed by V. Brenna in 1789 and added trim AN Voronihina during the restoration in 1803.

33. slender greenish artificial marble colonnade along the walls gives it a resemblance to a Greek temple. The ancient character of the room is complemented with plaster replicas of the works of ancient sculptors, filling niches and marble fixtures, suspended on long chains between the columns.

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35. Lush, painted by antique bronze furniture with fine gilded carvings made by Russian masters from the drawings AN Voronikhin.

36. Hall of Peace is located symmetrically Hall War.

37. Eagle of Jupiter, adorned Hall War oven, Juno is replaced peacock — a symbol of family loyalty.

38. Library of Maria Feodorovna crowded low bookcases, which placed a marble sculpture of Italian works of the XVIII century. Before a table is a monumental chair, made a drawing by Voronikhin.

39. In the center of the room is a carpet with the image of how Don Quixote consults with the «enchanted head».

40. splendor Boudoir Maria Feodorovna gives a marble fireplace with a mirror niche in the portico of the two porphyry columns, brought from Rome. It harmonizes well with columns and obelisks set of vases of porphyry and marble mantel.

41. The walls of the room are decorated with marble pilasters with fine arabesque painting, reproducing the famous painting by Raphael in the Vatican loggia. Between the pilasters are placed marble medallions with portraits of Alexander the Great and his mother Olympia.

42. Following the insertion are made with images of outstanding architectural monuments of India.

43. An interesting round table with the image of the original palace of the drawings landscape painter SF Shchedrin. The table was created by the master of the St. Petersburg porcelain factory in 1789. Porcelain table-top has a diameter of almost one meter and has no analogues.

44. Also in the room has a desk job P. Deniz.

45. The floor is covered with a magnificent parquet floor.

46. ​​The ceiling painting made in 1803 by J. Scott.

47. In his ornamental compositions decorate the panel «time of day» with the image of ancient ruins.

48. The front bedroom — one of the most luxurious rooms of the palace.

49. The walls are covered with silk panels with paintings depicting rural labor tools, utensils, fruits, flowers and musical instruments. The paintings were made court painter J. Mettenleyterom on sketches by artist Wack-Leena, who worked at the royal court in Paris.

50. The suite of rooms closes rich fireplace bedroom with malachite pilasters and inlays of colored stones. It is decorated with magnificent clock girandole, Tagan and other first class products French bronze.

51. The situation of the Main bedroom done in one of the best furniture manufacturers in Paris Henri Jacob. In his workshop he was made bed, couch and chairs, facing the room.

52. This set is one of the masterpieces of furniture art. The decoration of the front bedrooms during the evacuation was saved.

53. Central to the decoration of the bedroom holds a large gilded bed, decorated with the finest thread. The front bedroom was never used for its intended purpose, its presence only emphasizes the high position of the palace owners.

54. The bed is placed under a lush canopy, draped with silk. Easy and graceful chandelier made of ruby ​​glass with a wealth of crystal-dress was made by St. Petersburg artists.

55. Where more modest bedroom looks after Toilette Maria Feodorovna.

56. The side walls are engaged picturesque panels with images of the Pavlovsk Park, performance artist Alexander Martynov and J. Scott.

57. Gender room with intricate parquet.

58. Worthy of mention unique steel set consisting of a table with a mirror, vases, candlesticks, benches and chairs. He recruited several thousand parts, forged and faceted by «steel diamonds». This masterpiece was made in 1788 by Tula gunsmith Semyon Samarin.

59. The second passage ceiling painting cabinet simulates sculpting on the background of gilded mosaic tesserae.

60. Art Gallery — a spectacular, curved room, lit windows on two sides, was created by V. Brenna in 1797.

61. On the walls there are works by artists from different countries, multi-style on plots and character performance.

62. The ceiling painting by the artist J. Mettenleyterom.

63. The central one is called «The Triumph of Apollo.»

64. Near each window installed the most graceful vases.

65. Feed through the cabinet walls are lined with Third pinkish-purple marble panels and decorated with inlays of blue glass, covered with paintings depicting mythological figures and garlands of flowers.

66. To soften the sharp difference in height adjacent to the office space, set designer P. Gonzaga specially painted ceiling. Architectural composition depicting the dome, columns and arcades term, create the illusion of space and how to conceal a sharp transition to the next higher room.

67. It should be — it’s a big (Throne Room). It impresses with its spaciousness, with an area of ​​400 m². The cut corners are square room deep niches with monumental stucco furnaces.

68. In 1814 there was arranged a reception generals and officers of the Guards regiments returning from Paris after winning the war against Napoleon.

69. Arch windows are supported by caryatids, executed by sculptors IP Martos and MI Kozlovsky.

70. The huge ceiling painting executed in the middle of the XX century on the sketches P. Gonzaga. Image leaving up colonnades, banners hanging from balconies and open, with light clouds of heaven «raises» the height of the room, making it more solemn.

71. Cavaliers hall intended for receptions Knights of Malta Knights.

72. The walls are richly decorated with bas-reliefs depicting the sacrifices, processions and dances of Bacchus.

73. Stucco wall decor smoothly into the ornamental painting the ceiling are also made «under the molding.»

74. Finish the hall is the perfect backdrop for a collection of antique sculpture II-III centuries. Nymph with sink once served as adornment of Roman fountain.

75. The last of the inspected premises — Palace Church. In contrast to these churches, it is — more elegant and solemn palace interior of the Classical period. The iconostasis instead of the traditional icons placed copies of paintings by Western European artists of XVII-XVIII centuries.

76. Contrary to the canons of the Russian Orthodox Church in the architectural design of the church of the Pavlovsk Palace was used decorative sculpture.

77. The oval ceiling painting «The Conversion of Saul» was written in 1799 by J. Mettenleyterom composition P. Rubens. This is a copy, the original is in Vienna.

78. In the gallery are two of the throne, with a monogram of Mary and Paul.

79. Here, in a solemn ceremony in 1799 were announced communiques AV Suvorov on the war and presented the trophy banners taken from the enemy.

80. The church has even a tiny bell tower, it can be seen if the bypass around the palace.

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